Health News
2/11/2016

Dementia rates slowing, says US study


Dementia rates slowing, says US studyThe findings, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, appeared to defy fears over an explosion in the disease among the country's aging population. The new study was based on data from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS), whose participants were continuously monitored for the occurrence of cognitive decline and dementia since 1975. Looking at four distinct periods in the late 1970s, late 1980s, 1990s and 2000s, researchers found that there was a progressive decline in incidence of dementia at a given age, with an average reduction of 20 percent per decade since the 1970s, when data was first collected.



Angola says 37 dead in yellow fever outbreak


Handout of Saleh Mohammed Hamid being treated at Teaching Hospital after getting infected with Yellow Fever in El GeneinaA yellow fever outbreak in Angola has killed 37 people since December with eight new cases reported in the last 24 hours, the country's national director of health Adelaide de Carvalho said late on Wednesday. The outbreak of yellow fever, which is transmitted by mosquito bites, began in the Luanda suburb of Viana but has spread to other areas of the southern African country with 191 people infected so far. De Carvalho said health officials were monitoring suburbs around the capital of Luanda where infections have been worsened by unsanitary conditions caused by a garbage collection backlog.



EU agency accepts Sandoz application for pegfilgrastim biosimilar


Logo of Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis is seen in HueningeZURICH (Reuters) - The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has accepted an application to review Sandoz's biosimilar to Amgen's EU-licensed Neulasta (pegfilgrastim), a recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, Sandoz parent Novartis said on Thursday. Sandoz is seeking approval for the same indication as the reference product, it added in a statement. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration in November accepted Sandoz's submission for approval of a biosimilar version of Amgen's Neulasta drug that fights infections in cancer patients. (Reporting by Michael Shields)



Burwell says no Zika virus cases passed by mosquitoes in continental U.S.


Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell speaks at a news conference to announce the results of a national Medicare fraud takedown at the Justice Department in WashingtonU.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Burwell said on Wednesday that no cases of the Zika virus had been passed by mosquitoes to people in the continental United States. In testimony to the House Ways and Means Committee about her department's budget request, Burwell said cases of the virus had occurred in travelers returning to the United States, and that there had been one case of sexual transmission in Dallas. The virus has been passed from mosquitoes to people in the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico, she said.



Walgreens threatens to pull out of Theranos partnership: WSJ


Walgreens sign is seen in the Chicago suburb of Niles(Reuters) - Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc , the largest U.S. drugstore chain, threatened to terminate its relationship with Theranos Inc unless the blood-testing company quickly fixes the problems found by federal inspectors at its laboratory in California, the Wall Street Journal reported. The drugstore chain gave the warning in a letter to Theranos late last month, the Journal said, citing people familiar with the matter. A spokesman for Walgreens declined to comment.



Battlefield surgery: treating survivors of Boko Haram


Twelve-year-old Isa Lawan sits with a bandaged stump on his right arm after his hand was amputated following injuries from a Boko Haram attack in Maiduguri, capital of northeast Nigerian Borno StateA toddler not yet out of nappies lies motionless in a hospital ward, her skin seared red raw by burns. Such cases have become a familiar sight in the hospitals of Maiduguri, northeast Nigeria, since Boko Haram Islamists began their deadly insurgency nearly seven years ago. Tesfaye Makonnen and his team deal with many of the so-called "weapon-wounded" at the Borno State Specialist Hospital in Maiduguri and as they recover in a newly opened 33-bed ward.



All-male panel in Utah votes to keep sales tax on tampons


Utah Rep. Susan Duckworth, D-Magna, poses for a photograph at the Utah State Capitol Tuesday, Feb. 9, 2016, in Salt Lake City. Utah is one of the latest states to consider making tampons and other feminine hygiene products tax-free, diving into an international debate on whether women are penalized for their biology. Duckworth, said she wants feminine hygiene products tax-free because they are medically necessary items, but her bill would also cut taxes on adult incontinence products and children’s diapers. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)SALT LAKE CITY (AP) — A Utah committee of all-male lawmakers has voted to keep the sales tax on tampons and other feminine hygiene products despite an international push to remove it.



Mylan to buy Swedish drugmaker Meda in $7.2 billion deal


A pharmacy employee looks for medication as she works to fill a prescription while working at a pharmacy in New YorkGeneric drugmaker Mylan NV said it would acquire Meda AB in a $7.2 billion cash-and-stock deal in its third attempt to buy the Swedish company. The move comes three months after Mylan gave up on its seven-month-long pursuit of smaller rival Perrigo . Mylan's stock fell about 8 pct in extended trading, after it announced the 165 Swedish crowns per share offer.



UK govt will impose contracts on doctors to end strikes


Demonstrators stand with placards outside Salford Royal Hospital in Manchester, northwest England, during a 24-hour strike over pay and conditions on February 10, 2016Britain's government said Thursday it would impose new contracts on junior doctors to force an end to strikes over changes to their working conditions. Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt told the House of Commons that the decision had been taken after negotiations with doctors' union the British Medical Association (BMA) failed. Hunt said he would be "proceeding with the introduction of a new contract" seen as "safer for patients and fair and reasonable for junior doctors" on the recommendation of the chief of the government's negotiating team.



Study finds Zika virus in fetal brain, a clue in outbreak


CDC Director Tom Frieden testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Feb. 10, 2016, before the House Foreign Affairs, Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations subcommittee and Western Hemisphere subcommittee hearing on: 'The Global Zika Epidemic.' (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)WASHINGTON (AP) — New details about the possible effects of the Zika virus on the fetal brain emerged Wednesday as U.S. health officials say mosquito eradication here and abroad is key to protect pregnant women until they can develop a vaccine.



Brazil says expects to develop Zika vaccine in a year


Brazil expects to develop a vaccine for the Zika virus in about a year, Health Minister Marcelo Castro and Pedro Vasconcelos, a doctor at the Evandro Chagas Institute of Infectious diseases, told a press conference on Thursday. Castro said the vaccine could be developed in a year or so, more quickly than originally expected, though that did not mean it would be ready at that time for widespread application.

Rabid bats kill 12 children in Peru


A vampire bat captured at a camp in Peru's jungle province of Condorcanqui, close to the border with EcuadorAt least 12 indigenous children in Peru have died from rabies after being bitten by blood-sucking bats, which locals at first blamed on witchcraft, health officials said. The children aged between eight and 15 died between September and February in two indigenous communities in the Amazon region of Loreto, regional health official Hermann Silva said. "From the symptoms and medical reports it was determined that the 12 children from the Achuar ethnic group died from an outbreak of wild rabies," Silva told AFP.



USOC to hire infectious disease specialists for Zika


Young revelers joke with each other as they lay on the shade during the "Burial of the Mosquito" carnival block parade in Olinda, Pernambuco state, Brazil, Friday, Feb. 5, 2016. The parade that happens every year during carnival informs residents and tourists about the dangers of the Aedes aegypti and teaches them how to combat the mosquito. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana)The U.S. Olympic Committee will hire two infectious disease specialists to advise potential Olympians who are worried about the Zika outbreak in Brazil.



Back to its roots: how Zika may threaten Africa


Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are seen inside the IAEA laboratory in SeibersdorfBy Julio Rodrigues and Ben Hirschler PRAIA/LONDON (Reuters) - Florzinha Amado is eight months pregnant and trying to stay calm about whether the Zika virus infection she contracted at 21 weeks could have harmed her unborn child.     But Amado isn't Brazilian. Beeching believes it is highly probable Zika will soon be back on the African mainland, thanks to regular flight connections from the Atlantic islands, potentially triggering a new chain of transmission.



Factbox: Zika's origin and global spread


(Reuters) - The following timeline charts the origin and spread of the Zika virus from its discovery in Uganda nearly 70 years ago: 1947 - Scientists researching yellow fever in Uganda's Zika Forest isolate the virus in samples taken from a rhesus monkey 1948 - Virus recovered from Aedes africanus mosquito in the Zika forest 1952 - First human cases detected in Uganda and Tanzania 1954 - Virus found in young girl in Nigeria 1960s-1980s - Zika detected in mosquitoes and monkeys in band of countries stretching across equatorial Africa 1969–1983 - Zika is found in equatorial Asia, including ...

U.N. warns of hunger in Homs as Syrian offensive strands 120,000


A military offensive by Syrian government and allied forces has cut off 120,000 people in the northern Homs governorate since mid-January, worsening hunger and killing patients unable to get to medical care, a U.N. report said on Thursday. With the irregular supply routes used until mid-January now cut off, food items that are still available are now being sold at much higher prices," said the report by the U.N. humanitarian office. Bread prices are already 10 times higher than in the city of Homs, and unaffordable for most families.

Angola faces health crisis as oil price fall leads to cutbacks


People walk past a pile of garbage along a street during rainfall, in LuandaBy Herculano Coroado LUANDA (Reuters) - When a plunge in oil prices prompted Angola's government to slash public spending last year, street trader Antonio Simao Baptista had no idea it would leave his rundown suburb overwhelmed by filth and disease. The budget of Africa's second largest oil exporter has been cut again this year and is 40 percent lower than two years ago. Public services including rubbish collection and water sanitation, are overlooked by contractors who aren't being paid or can't import equipment due to foreign exchange shortages, contributing so a surge in deadly diseases.



British government imposes reforms for doctors over union opposition


A protestor holds campaign stikers as she demonstrates during a doctors strike outside The Museum of The History of Science in Oxford, BritainThe British government said on Thursday it would force through pay and working condition reforms for English doctors without the agreement of their trade union in a push to end a dispute that has resulted in strikes. Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt made the announcement shortly after the second in a series of 24-hour strikes, the like of which had not been seen in Britain for 40 years. During the strikes, junior doctors, or doctors-in-training, provided only emergency care.



World's most polluted city, Delhi, plans new limits on car use


A traffic policeman wears a mask to protect himself from dust and air pollution as he signals to drivers in New DelhiThe Delhi government plans another round of tough measures to restrict the use of private cars and clean up toxic air in the Indian metropolis, the world's most polluted city.From April 15, for two weeks, cars will only be allowed on the road on alternate days, going by whether their number plates are odd or even, Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said on Thursday."We are seriously considering if we can do this for 15 days every month," Kejriwal said. "We can't do this on a permanent basis until we get better public transport." The rule hits most of the 2.6 million cars that ply the traffic-choked roads of Delhi and its surrounding areas. Kejriwal said his plans had overwhelming public support and were necessary to rein in the rising levels of air pollution that regularly cloak the city in smog.



Enzyme could offer treatment hope for sleep apnea sufferers


Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that causes short, involuntary pauses in breathing during sleep.Scottish researchers have pinpointed an enzyme that helps speed up breathing when oxygen levels are low. This could offer new hope for sleep apnea sufferers. The study, published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, could open up new avenues in the treatment of sleep apnea, a condition that's thought to affect as many as 22 million people in the USA alone.



UK health secretary to impose contract on junior doctors


In this image made from video, British Health Secretary Member of Parliament Jeremy Hunt delivers a statement to the House of Commons in London, outlining the progress of talks with the British Medical Association (BMA), Thursday Feb. 11, 2016. Jeremy Hunt told the house Thursday that talks had ended in stalemate, and the Government will now impose its new contract on junior doctors, after talks failed to reach agreement.(image from video / PA via AP)LONDON (AP) — Britain's health secretary has taken the unusual step of opting to impose a new contract on junior doctors after failing to strike a deal with thousands of medical professionals in England.



Brazil probes three deaths with Zika links, aims for vaccine in a year


A municipal worker sprays insecticide at the neighborhood of Afogados in RecifeBy Maria Carolina Marcello BRASILIA (Reuters) - Recent laboratory analyses identified Zika virus infections in three people who died in Brazil last year, the health ministry said on Thursday, although authorities could not confirm that Zika alone was responsible for their deaths. Brazilian Health Minister Marcelo Castro confirmed the findings at a press conference, while announcing that a new partnership with scientists at the University of Texas could lead to laboratory development of a vaccine within a year. The developments are the latest in an ongoing struggle with Zika in Brazil, which is at the center of an outbreak that has spread to more than 30 countries and has prompted the World Health Organization to declare a global emergency over possible links between the virus and birth defects.



Donors seek Clinton comeback, sharper message before debate with Sanders


U.S. Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton visits a polling place in Manchester,By Michelle Conlin and Luciana Lopez NEW YORK/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Democratic U.S. presidential candidate Hillary Clinton will try to mend her badly wounded campaign in a debate on Thursday with rival Bernie Sanders, an encounter many of her donors said would allow her to play a role that suits her - embattled underdog. After her 22-point loss to Sanders in New Hampshire's primary, Clinton headed back to New York, where her campaign is based, on Wednesday to confer with top advisers and prepare for the face-off with Sanders, set for 9 p.m. EST (0200 GMT Friday) in Milwaukee. Several among Clinton's wide circle of donors told Reuters they believed her surprisingly large loss in New Hampshire would bring out the fighter in her.



In Big Tobacco's Dark Shadow, Big Soda Looks to the Developing World


In Big Tobacco's Dark Shadow, Big Soda Looks to the Developing WorldAs Americans continue to connect the dots between soda consumption and type 2 diabetes, obesity, and other diseases, fewer and fewer Americans are drinking soda. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that we choose water over soda, local and state governments are pushing for new taxes and warning labels on fizzy drinks, and Big Soda...



Healthy People, Happy Minds


By: Jacqueline Harvey From a young age, I knew that I wanted to do a job that would have a social impact. Growing up in a family of people in caring jobs (a couple of my sisters are nurses, another is a therapist, my Mum is the union rep at her workplace and others are counselors), you could say this was my natural calling. For me however, the...

Kendall Jenner sues skin care company for $10 million over ad


Model and television personality Kendall Jenner presents a creation from the Diane von Furstenberg Fall/Winter 2015 collection during New York Fashion WeekKendall Jenner, the model and a star of reality TV show "Keeping Up with the Kardashians," is suing a skin care company for at least $10 million, saying it used her photo in advertisements for acne laser treatment without permission. In a complaint filed on Wednesday, lawyers for Jenner objected to Cutera Inc's advertisements for its Laser Genesis treatment, which began appearing in New York City this month ahead of Fashion Week. One print ad quoted the 20-year-old Jenner as having said that acne had "completely ruined" her self-esteem and that her now "nearly flawless skin" was the product of visits to a dermatologist for Laser Genesis treatment.



Your First Love Should Be You!


Your First Love Should Be You!Valentine's Day is just around the corner, and while many of us are anticipating a day filled with romance with a special someone, others of us are dreading a holiday that only seems to serve as a glaring reminder that we're not coupled up right now. Regardless of your relationship status this year, this day of love ought to be celebrated,...



Bilingual toddlers better at solving certain problems


“Most of the research on the benefits of bilingualism comes from children aged four years and up,” said senior author Diane Poulin-Dubois of Concordia University in Montreal. Based on vocabulary increases in the seven months between assessments, bilingual children whose ability to switch between languages improved the most scored higher on the thinking and conflict tasks than bilingual children who did not become more fluent over time.

Doctor brother of UK's finance minister struck off medical register


The psychiatrist brother of Britain's finance minister George Osborne was struck off the British medical register on Thursday for having an affair with a patient and threatening her to keep quiet about it, a disciplinary panel said. Adam Osborne, who qualified as a doctor in 2004, was ruled unfit to practice over his relationship with the patient, who suffered from depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues, the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service (MPTS) said. "The tribunal has determined that Dr Osborne's abuse of his professional position, which included sexual misconduct, with a vulnerable patient he was treating for mental health issues, is fundamentally incompatible with continued registration as a medical practitioner," the MPTS said in its ruling.

U.S. to hire disease experts ahead of Rio Games


A municipal worker sprays insecticide at Sambodrome in Rio de Janeiro(Reuters) - The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is to recruit two infectious disease experts to advise potential members of their Rio 2016 Games team who are concerned about the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil. "I know the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil is of concern to many of you," wrote USOC CEO Scott Blackmun in a letter sent to prospective Olympians. "We have been in close contact with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as well as infectious disease specialists with expertise regarding the Zika virus." Brazil is the worst-hit country in the outbreak of Zika that is sweeping the Americas.



Olympics-U.S. to hire disease experts ahead of Rio Games


(Adds details, quotes) Feb 11 (Reuters) - The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is to recruit two infectious disease experts to advise potential members of their Rio 2016 Games team who are concerned about the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil. "I know the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil is of concern to many of you," wrote USOC CEO Scott Blackmun in a letter sent to prospective Olympians. "We have been in close contact with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as well as infectious disease specialists with expertise regarding the Zika virus." Brazil is the worst-hit country in the outbreak of Zika that is sweeping the Americas.

Superbug review says more vaccines needed to reduce antibiotic use


By Kate Kelland LONDON (Reuters) - More use of vaccines would reduce the need to use antibiotics and help fight the rise of drug-resistant superbug infections, according to a British government-commissioned review of the threat. In the latest report on so-called antimicrobial resistance, published on Thursday, the head of the review, British treasury minister Jim O'Neill, said more focus should be put on using existing vaccines and developing new ones. Vaccines can combat drug resistance because they reduce cases of infection and lessen the need for antibiotics.

Olympics-U.S. to recruit disease experts ahead of Rio Games


The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is to ask two infectious disease experts to advise potential members of their Rio 2016 Games team who are concerned about the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil. "I know the Zika virus outbreak in Brazil is of concern to many of you," wrote USOC CEO Scott Blackmun in a letter sent to prospective Olympians. "I want to emphasise that it is to us, as well, and that your well-being in Rio this summer is our highest priority." Brazil is the worst-hit country in the outbreak of Zika that is rapidly spreading in the Americas.

Incyte to discontinue testing Jakafi in solid tumor cancers


Incyte Corp said it would stop testing its best-selling blood cancer drug, Jakafi, in solid tumor cancers after the treatment's effectiveness was found to be insufficient in a late-stage study, sending its shares down 16 percent premarket. The company said it would discontinue a late-stage study testing the drug in pancreatic cancer and mid-stage studies in breast and lung cancers, two weeks after pulling the plug on another mid-stage trial in colorectal cancer. Treating solid tumors was viewed as an important pillar of future growth for the company in 2016, J.P. Morgan Securities analysts said, adding the move may not be a major surprise.

Former Pakistan military leader Musharraf hospitalized with chest pain


Pakistan's former President Pervez Musharraf speaks during a news conference in DubaiPakistan's former military ruler General Pervez Musharraf was taken to a hospital in the port city of Karachi on Thursday after complaining of chest pain and having difficulty breathing, a spokesman for his political party said. "He is not well," said Aasia Ishaque. "He felt serious discomfort in his chest and in breathing." Another leader of the party, Mohammad Amjad, said Musharraf was feeling better and would be released from the PNS Shifa Hospital shortly but that doctors would be closely monitoring him at home.



How Unplugging Helped Me Reduce My Anxiety and Stress Levels


How Unplugging Helped Me Reduce My Anxiety and Stress LevelsI thought I had a handle on it. I thought that everything was under control. But the fact was, social media and the need to be constantly connected was taking over my waking and sometimes sleeping life. At one point in my life I had a full-time job, a casual job, a small side business, two blogs, three Twitter accounts, one personal Facebook...



Brazil, Texas state hospital reach deal on Zika vaccine


A reveler drag a coffin containing an Aedes aegypti mosquito puppet during the "Burial of the Mosquito" carnival block parade in Olinda, Pernambuco state, Brazil, Friday, Feb. 5, 2016. The parade that happens every year during carnival inform residents and tourists about the dangers of the Aedes aegypti and teaches them how to combat the mosquitoes. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana)BRASILIA, Brazil (AP) — Brazil has signed an agreement with a Texas research hospital to develop a vaccine against the Zika virus, the country's health minister said Thursday, adding the goal is for the vaccine to be ready for clinical testing within 12 months.



Elderly patients rarely included in decision to use intensive care


By Kathryn Doyle (Reuters Health) - According to a study of 15 emergency departments, patients over age 80 who are admitted to intensive care are often not asked their opinion about admission. “The relationship between physicians and their patients has changed over the last decades and patients’ empowerment has led to a greater self autonomy in medical decisions,” but apparently not when it comes to moving elderly patients into an intensive care unit, said lead author Dr. Julien Le Guen of Universite Paris Descartes in France. Legally, no medical decision should be made without the patient’s consent, Le Guen told Reuters Health by email.

CDC ships Zika test for pregnant women; Puerto Rico at risk


NIH National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Director Anthony Fauci, left, and CDC Director Thomas Frieden, second from left, shake hands with Senate Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies subcommittee Chairman Roy Blunt, R-Mo., and subcommittee member Sen. Thad Cochran, R-Miss., right, at the conclusion of the subcommittee's hearing “to review emerging health threats and the Zika supplemental request,” Thursday, Feb. 11, 2016, on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta)WASHINGTON (AP) — The government is shipping Zika virus tests for pregnant women to health departments around the country, but warning there could be temporary shortages, as travelers try to tell if they returned with an infection that could put a developing baby at risk.



Better growth monitoring needed to spot childhood diseases


By Lisa Rapaport (Reuters Health) - Monitoring growth can serve as an early warning for many childhood diseases, but a lack of consensus on how tracking should work and what to look for may mean diagnosis is delayed for some and wrong for others, a recent research review suggests. “However, we have found strong empirical evidence showing that the current practices are suboptimal – diagnostic delays in one hand and unnecessary diagnostic work-up in the other hand.” Researchers examined 69 previously published studies, which compared the performance of growth charts from the World Health Organization (WHO) to other growth charts and looked at seven different algorithms for defining abnormal growth that have been proposed in the past 20 years.

Why Americans don't live as long as Europeans


Americans die younger than people in other high-income countries, and drug poisonings, gun injuries and motor vehicle crashes are largely to blame, a study finds.










Husband and wife never expected their Fitbit would tell them this ...


A New York husband was stumped as why his wife's Fitbit was acting funny.










How old is too old to be president?


In 1986, when Ronald Reagan turned 75, "Saturday Night Live" Weekend Update anchor Dennis Miller had a bit of fun at the expense of the President, who was elected at age 69.










Do voters have the right to know presidential candidates' health histories?


On Monday, Donald Trump released a statement by his personal physician that said he'd lost 15 pounds in the last year, takes aspirin daily and a low dose of statin and has "astonishingly excellent" lab test results and blood pressure. "If elected," Dr. Harold Bornstein wrote, "Mr. Trump, I can state unequivocally, will be the healthiest individual ever elected to the presidency."










Fact-checking candidates on the Affordable Care Act


Nearly 6 years after its enactment, the Affordable Care Act remains a hot button issue in the presidential race -- in both parties.










Why the female generational divide for Hillary Clinton?


If you were writing a Hollywood screenplay about the race for the White House centered around an experienced woman with a real chance of becoming the first female president, you would expect that candidate to be doing better with women than her male rivals. In fact, if you wrote that she was not resonating as well with women voters, executives might pass on the script saying it wasn't believable.










'Love drug' found in chocolate













Eating fish could stave off Alzheimer's, study says


Eating at least one serving of seafood a week could help stave off Alzheimer's disease, according to a study.










How to keep kids safe on social media


There is still so much we don't know about how a 13-year-old Blacksburg, Virginia, girl got to know an 18-year-old Virginia Tech freshman before he allegedly stabbed her to death.










Opinion: Should we worry about gene editing?


The possibility of altering or "enhancing" future humans may seem like science fiction, but may soon be possible, writes Robert Klitzman.










Horses recognize human emotion


Horses can distinguish between happy and angry facial expressions on humans, a new study has shown for the first time.










Adding insult to injury: Flint issues boil-water advisory after water main break


The folks in Flint, Michigan, just can't seem to get a break.










Diabetes: Yet another reason to get out of that chair


We already knew that sitting, one of most people's favorite activities, may be killing you, but now we have new proof that before it gets you, you may get type 2 diabetes, too.










Flint mayor says $55 million needed to replace lead pipes


The mayor of Flint, Michigan, said Tuesday she needs $55 million to remove lead pipes in the city beleaguered by a toxic water crisis. She is asking that Gov. Rick Snyder partner with her to get the funds.










What are the chances I'll get the Zika virus?


The Zika virus was discovered nearly 70 years ago, but chances are you probably hadn't heard of it until the past few months.










The worms that burrow in through your skin


It takes is a snail, a worm and some freshwater to become infected and once you are, it can last for decades -- and prove fatal.










All teens should be screened for depression













Actress fights bipolar disorder stigma with comedy


Victoria Maxwell had her first psychotic episode, ironically enough, after attending a meditation retreat.










These women saved millions of lives


To celebrate International Day of Women and Girls in Science, we look at the women who have changed our world -- and saved millions of lives -- through their ground breaking work in science.










How your brain works against your best intentions


Have you ever tried to stop yourself from doing something, but were unable to summon up the willpower? A new study finds your brain might be working against your best intentions, and scientists think they might know what could help you unlock your better self.










Zika virus might damage vision


Zika may now be linked to serious eye abnormalities that could lead to blindness in Brazilian newborns with microcephaly, according to a study published in JAMA.










Big Pharma's big donations to presidential candidates


When former Turing Pharmaceutical CEO Martin Shkreli announced that he was increasing the price of an HIV drug called Daraprim by nearly 5,000%, he turned the cost of prescription drugs into a political issue.










How selfie-related deaths happen


It pops up in the news from time to time: the death-by-selfie. Earlier this month, for example, a teenager in India was struck and killed while trying to take a picture of himself in front of an oncoming train. Now the economics site Priceonomics has attempted to gather the existing statistics about the people who've lost their lives while taking selfies, combing through three years of news reports indicating a death was "precipitated by a selfie," or that a person had died while attempting to take a photo of themselves.










Chocolate: Where do we stand?


Who doesn't love chocolate? Even if it's not your favorite sweet treat, you can probably agree that the confection conjures thoughts of love, pleasure and reward.










Weed users found to have poorer verbal memory


People who smoked weed regularly as teenagers remembered fewer words as they entered middle age, according to a new study published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.










'Strongest evidence' of Zika effect


One of the US's most senior public health officials reveals the "strongest evidence to date" of the effect on babies of the mosquito-borne Zika virus.

China's first Zika case confirmed


A 34-year-old man who recently travelled to South America has become China's first confirmed case of Zika virus infection, reports state media.

Heart transplant record is 'remarkable'


The surgeon who operated on the world's longest-surviving heart transplant patient says surviving "in excess of 30 years" is "remarkable".

Flashes of light may stop jet lag


Exposure to short flashes of light at night could help travellers adjust to new time zones and avoid jet lag, according to scientists.

Mutant sperm-factories spread in testes


Mutant sperm-factories spread in men's testicles as they age to increase the risk of children with genetic diseases, researchers have shown.

No safe way to suntan, experts warn


There is no safe or healthy way to get a tan from sunlight, new guidance from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) warns.

Kenya could miss Rio over Zika fears


Kenya could pull out of the Rio Olympics if the Zika virus reaches epidemic levels, says the president of their Olympic committee.

Zika virus fails to spoil carnival


Millions of people celebrate the first day of the annual carnival festivities across Brazil despite concerns about the recent Zika virus outbreak.

Cosmetic surgery ops on the rise


There was a sharp increase in the popularity of cosmetic surgery in the UK in 2015, figures show.

Obama to request $1.8bn to fight Zika


The White House says it will ask US Congress for $1.8bn (£1.25bn) in emergency funding to combat the Zika virus, which is spreading through the Americas.

First Zika pregnancy case in Europe


Spain confirms that a pregnant woman has been diagnosed with the Zika virus - the first such case in Europe.

Zika 'linked to nerve disorder deaths'


Colombia says three people have died after contracting the Zika virus and developing a rare nerve disorder.

NHS should welcome 'citizen whistleblowers'


Why the NHS should listen to people who see something amiss

'Cancer made me want mashed potato'


The strange effects of cancer on appetite

VIDEO: Smartpatch aims to put snoring to bed


The Silent Partner claims to have come up with a solution for those sleeping with someone who snores.

VIDEO: Colombia - Zika infections will rise


Zika infections will rise, plateau and then fall in Colombia, says President Juan Manuel Santos.

VIDEO: Timeline: How Zika virus took hold


How did the world wake up to the threat caused by the Zika virus, that health experts link to birth defects?

VIDEO: Do you know how much sugar you eat?


BBC News looks at the amount of sugar found in the kind of food and drink we consume every day.

India cancer survivor brings joy to destitute children


The cancer survivor bringing joy to destitute children

Recovering from an acid attack


How Natalia's confidence was rebuilt after an acid attack

Can you save lives with 'big data'?


Can you save lives by analysing huge amounts of data?

Do e-cigarettes make it harder to stop smoking?


Is it really harder to stop smoking if you use e-cigarettes?

Hollywood tackles concussion head-on


New Will Smith movie tackles head injuries in sport

How unhealthy is three-and-a-half years indoors?


How unhealthy is three-and-a-half years indoors?

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