Health News
7/28/2016

Eating red meat linked to kidney failure risk


By Shereen Lehman (Reuters Health) - Red meat may take a toll on the kidneys that increases risk for kidney disease and eventually kidney failure, a large study suggests. The authors also found that replacing some red meat in the diet with other types of protein – whether chicken, fish, eggs or vegetable sources – might dramatically reduce that risk. “There is an increase in numbers of individuals developing chronic kidney disease worldwide, and many progress to end-stage renal disease, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant,” Woon-Puay Koh told Reuters Health by email.

Fosun to buy KKR-backed Indian drugmaker for up to $1.3 billion


A man walks in front of the headquarters of Shanghai Fosun Pharmaceutical Group in ShanghaiHONG KONG/MUMBAI (Reuters) - Shanghai Fosun Pharmaceutical Group Co Ltd has agreed to buy an 86 percent stake in Gland Pharma - backed by KKR & Co LP - for up to $1.3 billion, the largest acquisition of an Indian company from abroad this year. The deal, announced by the two sides on Thursday, is the first major move by the Fosun group since Guo Guangchang, founder of flagship holding firm Fosun International Ltd and one of China's best-known entrepreneurs, briefly went missing late last year. The acquisition, subject to regulatory approvals, would also underscore a positive outlook for drugmakers in India, which is a major global supplier and counts the United States as its largest export market, helped by lower manufacturing and labor costs.



New study on Chinese seniors shows vitamin D could prevent cognitive decline


New study on Chinese seniors shows vitamin D could prevent cognitive declineNew research on vitamin D has found that low levels of the vitamin are associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline in Chinese seniors. It has also been found to have a significant effect on cognitive health, with previous studies in Europe and North America showing that a low level of vitamin D is linked with an increased risk of cognitive decline. This new study, conducted by Duke-NUS Medical School (Duke-NUS) and Duke University, is now the first large-scale prospective study in Asia to look at an association between vitamin D levels and the risk of cognitive decline and impairment in the Chinese elderly.



Study finds cosmic rays increased heart risks among Apollo astronauts


Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, Apollo 11 commander, is pictured inside the Lunar Module (LM) while the LM rested on the lunar surface during the Apollo 11 mission in this NASA handout photoBy Irene Klotz CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Reuters) - Apollo astronauts who ventured to the moon are at five times greater risk of dying from heart disease than shuttle astronauts, U.S. researchers said on Thursday, citing the dangers of cosmic radiation beyond the Earth's magnetic field. The study by researchers at Florida State University and NASA found that three Apollo astronauts, including Neil Armstrong, the first person to walk on the moon, or 43 percent of those studied, died from cardiovascular disease, a finding with implications for future human travel beyond Earth. The research, published in the journal Scientific Reports, was the first to look at the mortality of Apollo astronauts, the only people so far to travel beyond a few hundred miles (km) of Earth.



Saudi snow city tests kingdom's capacity for fun


Saudi woman takes a selfie in the new Snow City at Al Othaim Mall in RiyadhThere is no music to drown out the drone of air conditioners inside the Snow City theme park in the Saudi Arabian capital, in keeping with the kingdom's strict interpretation of Islam. "It's awesome that this is allowed for us," said Bedour, a bubbly 19-year-old, who kept her face covered but traded her black robes for a colorful snowsuit. "Women in Saudi Arabia are required to wear abayas" -- loose-fitting, full-length robes -- "whenever they're outside.



Quest for new antibiotics gets right up your nose


Quest for new antibiotics gets right up your noseBiologists on the hunt for new medicines to fight a growing epidemic of drug resistance said Wednesday they found an antibiotic in an unexpected place -- the human nose. The promising compound is produced by a nose-dwelling bacterium, and is able to kill a disease-causing, antibiotic-resistant superbug, they reported. "It was completely unexpected to find a human-associated bacterium to produce a real antibiotic," said study co-author Andreas Peschel of the University of Tubingen in Germany.



Later menstruation and menopause linked to longevity


Women who begin menstruating after the age of 12 and enter menopause after the age of 50 are more likely to live to 90.According to new American research, women who begin menstruating after the age of 12 and enter menopause after the age of 50 are more likely to live to 90 years old. After studying 16,000 women for 21 years, the scientists' findings -- published in the journal Menopause -- show that women who started menstruating after the age of 12 and entered menopause after the age of 50 were more likely to live to 90, especially those with more than 40 reproductive years between their first and final menstrual periods. Note that the average age of menopause is 51, but women can enter this phase of life between the ages of 40 and 55.



Boston Scientific's sales beat on demand for heart devices


(Reuters) - Boston Scientific Corp reported better-than-expected quarterly sales as it sold more of its heart devices and revenue from its troubled cardiac rhythm management business increased. The cardiac rhythm management business, which sells pacemakers and defibrillators, had been weighing on Boston Scientific's results for several months due to the lack of MRI-compatible products. On an adjusted basis, Boston Scientific earned 27 cents per share, in line with the average analyst estimate, according to Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S. The company's net sales rose 15.4 percent to $2.13 billion.

Reagan's would-be assassin now Virginia suburb's infamous new resident


JOHN HINCKLEY JR LEAVES COURT AFTER ARGUING FOR UNSUPERVISED VISITS WITH PARENTS.Joe Mann has lived in the exclusive Kingsmill gated community in Williamsburg, Virginia, for more than 30 years and he's not shy about voicing his opinion when it comes to his newest neighbor: would-be presidential assassin John Hinckley. U.S. District Judge Paul Friedman said in Washington Hinckley, who wounded U.S. President Ronald Reagan and three others in 1981 in an assassination attempt born of his obsession with actress Jodie Foster, no longer posed a danger to the public now that his psychosis was in remission.



Getting pumped and pampered in hard-times Gaza


The Wider Image: Rest and recreation in Gaza CityBy Nidal al-Mughrabi GAZA (Reuters) - Sparkling Mediterranean beaches, expensive restaurants and state-of-the-art health clubs do not readily spring to mind when it comes to the Gaza Strip. Some leisure spots may be out of the financial reach of many of Gaza's 1.9 million inhabitants, especially with unemployment at 42 percent. Other places require money," Ibrahim Shweideh, 26, who is unemployed.



Fall in Volkswagen brand profit shows lasting effects of scandal


A Volkswagen sign is seen on a wheel of a car presented during an auto show in BeijingVolkswagen reported a 12 percent drop in quarterly profit at its main passenger car division on Thursday, a big improvement on the quarter before but showing the challenges it still faces to overcome its emissions scandal. The German company published headline first-half numbers last week, saying underlying operating profit of 7.5 billion euros ($8.3 billion) beat analysts' expectations largely due to improvements at its mass-market VW brand. The brand, Volkswagen's largest by revenues, saw profits plunge 86 percent in the first quarter.



AstraZeneca helped by new drugs as cholesterol pill fades


The logo of AstraZeneca is seen on medication packages in a pharmacy in LondonGeneric competition to cholesterol buster Crestor in the U.S. market pushed second-quarter core earnings down by nearly a third at drugmaker AstraZeneca, which is now banking on new cancer medicines to revive its fortunes. Its new lung cancer drug Tagrisso achieved stronger than expected quarterly sales of $92 million. Quarterly core earnings per share, which exclude some items, fell 31 percent to 83 cents as revenue slid 11 percent to $5.60 billion, following the arrival of the first copies of Crestor in the United States in May.



Breast milk protein protects preterm babies from infection, study finds


The protein occurs naturally in breast milk and helps the body absorb iron from food.New research from scientists at an American university reveals that giving premature babies a synthetic form of lactoferrin -- a protein naturally present in breast milk -- can eliminate staphylococcus epidermidis, a staph infection that can be deadly in infants born preterm. Researchers from the University of Missouri, Columbia, USA, have identified the role of a protein, called lactoferrin, that protects preterm babies from a type of staph infection. This antimicrobial protein occurs naturally in breast milk and helps the body absorb iron from food.



Lack of exercise runs up $67.5 bn annual health tab: study


Lack of exercise runs up $67.5 bn annual health tab: studyHealth problems caused by a lack of daily physical exercise cost the world some $67.5 billion (61 billion euros) in 2013 -- more than many countries' GDP, researchers said Thursday. The total was divided between $53.8 billion in healthcare spending and $13.7 billion in lost productivity, according to a study published in The Lancet medical journal.



Critics of weight-loss device urge U.S. regulator to reverse approval


The AspireAssist System, a weight-loss device, is seen in this image supplied by Aspire Bariatrics, IncBy Ben Gruber DELRAY BEACH, Fla. (Reuters) - Lotta Bosnyak takes extra time to chew the blueberries in her yogurt. The 52-year-old Delray Beach, Florida, resident was one of the first people to try the "AspireAssist" device four years ago in Sweden, where she is from.    “It’s one of the best ways to change your relationship to food because it does require a lot of work on the patient’s part," said Dr. Christopher Thompson, director of therapeutic endoscopy at Brigham Woman’s Hospital in Boston. “This will likely prove to be yet another in a long line list of misguided, unsuccessful and dangerous products for losing weight,” wrote Dr. Eva Trujillo, president of the Academy of Eating Disorders, in a draft of a letter to be submitted the FDA next week.   “Such a device may carry very serious physical and mental health consequences, including life-threatening situations, and should not be approved by the FDA,” said the draft, which Reuters saw.



Savings, Cimzia sales push UCB first-half core profit above forecasts


Belgian pharmaceutical group UCB on Thursday reported a better-than-expected core profit in the first half of 2016, as it reduced operating expenses and its inflammatory disease drug Cimzia performed well. Sales for Cimzia, to treat bowel disorder Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis, rose 23 percent, above analysts forecasts. UCB said it still expected revenues for 2016 as a whole to be in a range of 4.0 to 4.1 billion euros and core profit adjusted for one-off items to be between 970 million and 1.01 billion euros.

New crop of robots to vie for space in the operating room


The integrated operating table engineered to move in sync with the da Vinci robot allowing the surgeon to find the best working angle without the need to stop and reposition the robot's arms is shown in SunnyvaleBy Susan Kelly CHICAGO (Reuters) - Even though many doctors see need for improvement, surgical robots are poised for big gains in operating rooms around the world. Within five years, one in three U.S. surgeries - more than double current levels – is expected to be performed with robotic systems, with surgeons sitting at computer consoles guiding mechanical arms. Robotic surgery has been long dominated by pioneer Intuitive Surgical Inc, which has more than 3,600 of its da Vinci machines in hospitals worldwide and said last week the number of procedures that used them jumped by 16 percent in the second quarter compared to a year earlier.



Chinese polluters to face more business, financing restrictions


A building under construction is seen amidst smog on a polluted day in ShenyangChinese firms guilty of exceeding emissions limits or building plants without environmental permits will face tougher punishments including credit bans and land use restrictions, the country's environmental ministry said late on Wednesday. China has been cracking down on polluting enterprises, raising fines and threatening criminal action against persistent offenders, but regulators have long struggled to impose rules on powerful industrial enterprises and local governments anxious to protect revenue and jobs. The Ministry of Environmental Protection said in a notice published on its website that it has signed a cooperation agreement with 30 government departments, including the central bank, to broaden the range of punishments for offenders as well as improve information sharing.



President Reagan's would-be killer Hinckley to go free


JOHN HINCKLEY JR LEAVES COURT AFTER ARGUING FOR UNSUPERVISED VISITS WITH PARENTS.U.S. District Judge Paul Friedman said Hinckley, 61, who was found not guilty by reason of insanity in a 1982 trial, no longer posed a danger to himself or others. "Since 1983, when he last attempted suicide, he has displayed no symptoms of active mental illness, exhibited no violent behavior, shown no interest in weapons, and demonstrated no suicidal ideation," Friedman said of Hinckley in a 103-page opinion.



Army secretary touts importance of mental health


Secretary of the Army Eric Fanning tours Tripler Army Medical Center in Honolulu, Wednesday, July 27, 2016. Fanning says the Army is paying more attention to behavioral health and making sure anyone who’s injured while defending the nation gets the treatment they need. He says the Army and other military branches are conducting research into how military deployment effects anger. (AP Photo/Cathy Bussewitz)HONOLULU (AP) — Army Secretary Eric Fanning says the Army is paying more attention to behavioral health and making sure anyone who's injured while defending the nation gets the treatment they need.



Florida identifies two more Zika cases not related to travel


Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are seen at the Laboratory of Entomology and Ecology of the Dengue Branch of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in San JuanBy Julie Steenhuysen CHICAGO (Reuters) - The Florida health department said on Wednesday it was investigating another two cases of Zika not related to travel to a place where the virus is being transmitted, raising the possibility of local Zika transmission in the continental United States. The Florida health department said it has identified an additional case of Zika in Miami-Dade County, where it was already investigating a possible case of Zika not related to travel, and another case in Broward County, where it has been investigating a non-travel related case. "Evidence is mounting to suggest local transmission via mosquitoes is going on in South Florida," said CDC spokesman Tom Skinner said.



Justice Department probes Alere over Medicare, Medicaid billing


(Reuters) - Diagnostic-testing company Alere Inc has received a U.S. Department of Justice subpoena seeking patient-billing records related to Medicare, Medicaid and Tricare, the company said on Wednesday. The subpoena, which was sent to Alere's Toxicology unit on July 1, asked for billing records dating back to 2010 for patient samples tested at the company's Texas pain management laboratory, Alere said in a statement. "So, the shares are actually recovering from getting crushed earlier in the day." Alere said it was fully cooperating with the investigation and believed that matters related to the subpoena were not material.

Mosquitoes suspected in 2 new mysterious Florida Zika cases


FILE - In this Tuesday, June 28, 2016 file photo, Evaristo Miqueli, a natural resources officer with Broward County Mosquito Control, takes water samples decanted from a watering jug, checking for the presence of mosquito larvae in Pembroke Pines, Fla. The officers make daily inspections and respond to resident's complaints about mosquitoes, as part of their mosquito control procedure. On Wednesday, July 27, 2016, Florida health officials said they are investigating two more mysterious cases of Zika infection that do not appear to be directly related to travel, bringing the total to four. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)NEW YORK (AP) — Florida health officials are investigating two more mysterious cases of Zika infection that do not appear to be related to travel, bringing the total to four.



Background noise can make it harder for toddlers to learn words


“Either turning off the TV and radio or turning them down may help language development,” McMillan said by email. To understand how background noise influences language development in toddlers, McMillan and colleagues did three experiments with a total of 106 kids ranging in age from 22 to 30 months. In the first experiment, 40 kids aged 22 to 24 months heard either louder or softer background speech when learning the new words.

U.N. suspends aid in Nigeria's Borno state after attack on convoy


The United Nations has temporarily suspended aid deliveries in Nigeria's northeastern state of Borno, the former stronghold of jihadists Boko Haram, after a humanitarian convoy was attacked, the U.N. children's agency UNICEF said on Thursday. UNICEF said in a statement that unknown assailants attacked the convoy on Thursday as it returned to Maiduguri from delivering aid in Bama, injuring a UNICEF employee and an International Organization for Migration contractor. "The United Nations has temporarily suspended humanitarian assistance missions pending review of the security situation," it said.

Judge rules against some 1,300 lawsuits over Bayer's Mirena IUD


A New York federal judge has ruled in favor of Bayer AG against nearly 1,300 lawsuits filed by women who say they suffered internal injuries from the company's Mirena intra-uterine contraceptive device. U.S. District Judge Cathy Seibel in White Plains said on Thursday that there was no way for the lawsuits to continue after her earlier ruling barring crucial testimony from plaintiffs' experts. Lawsuits against Bayer over Mirena started to pile up in 2011 and were consolidated in the New York court in 2013.

New York pharmacy owner, husband plead guilty to large opioid pill scheme


The owner of two New York City pharmacies and her husband pleaded guilty on Thursday to charges arising out of their roles in what authorities have called one of the largest opioid painkiller diversion schemes ever uncovered in the city. Lilian Jakacki, the pharmacies' owner, and Marcin Jakacki, her husband, entered their pleas in Manhattan federal court, nine months after authorities arrested them amid efforts to combat the nation's heroin and opioid drug epidemic. Lilian Jakacki, 50, also pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit health care fraud and conspiracy to commit money laundering.

Miami blood donations halted over Zika fears


Miami-Dade mosquito control workers prepare to search homes for the Aedes aegypti mosquito in Miami, Florida, on June 8, 2016US regulators Thursday called for a halt to blood donations in the Miami area as investigators probe four potential non-travel associated cases of the mosquito-borne Zika virus, which can cause birth defects. If confirmed, the cases would mark the first time that mosquitoes carrying the virus are known to be present in the mainland United States. The US territory of Puerto Rico has already seen a surge in local transmission of Zika, which can spread by mosquitoes or sexual contact.



Too much light at night, too little in the morning tied to obesity risk


By Kathryn Doyle (Reuters Health) - Older people exposed to high lighting in the evening, and low light in the morning are more likely to gain weight, and the opposite light exposures may encourage weight loss, Japanese researchers say. Over two years, lighting exposure was tied to abdominal weight gain regardless of other factors like calorie intake, exercise and what time people went to sleep or woke up, the study found. “Our results are reasonable because human beings have evolved under the lighting condition of daytime high and nighttime low light intensity,” said lead author Dr. Kenji Obayashi of Nara Medical University School of Medicine.

Judge rejects Sumner Redstone bid to end Viacom CEO lawsuit


Sumner Redstone arrives at premiere of The Guilt Trip in Los AngelesThe issue is whether the 93-year-old Redstone knew what he was doing when he removed Dauman and Viacom board member George Abrams in May from the seven-person trust that will control his majority ownership of Viacom and CBS Corp when he dies or is incapacitated. Judge George Phelan of Norfolk County Probate and Family Court in Canton, Massachusetts, rejected Redstone's motion to dismiss and ruled that the case should proceed in Massachusetts.



Ice Bucket Challenge credited with ALS breakthrough


McLaren Mercedes team members dump buckets of ice water onto Formula One driver Lewis Hamilton of Britain as he takes part in the "Ice Bucket Challenge" after the first practice session at the Belgian F1 Grand Prix in Spa-Francorchamps(Reuters) - The Ice Bucket Challenge that went viral two years ago, raising hundreds of millions of dollars, has helped identify a new gene behind the neurodegenerative disease ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease, researchers say. The challenge involved people pouring ice-cold water over their heads, posting video on social media, and donating funds for research on the condition, whose sufferers include British physicist Stephen Hawking. Celebrities including Taylor Swift, Kim Kardashian, Ellen DeGeneres, Benedict Cumberbatch and former U.S. President George W. Bush were among millions of people who took part in 2014, attracting more than 400 million views on social media.



FDA takes steps to protect blood supply in Florida amid Zika probe


A view shows the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) headquarters in Silver SpringThe U.S. Food and Drug Administration has ordered all blood collection centers in Florida's Miami-Dade and Broward counties to stop collecting blood as state health department officials continue to investigate four possible cases of local transmission of the Zika virus. In a statement posted on its website on Wednesday, the FDA said blood centers should stop collecting blood in the two counties until they can implement testing for the Zika virus in each unit of blood collected, or until they can put in place technology that can kill pathogens in collected blood. The FDA also recommends that nearby counties implement the same measures to maintain the safety of the U.S. blood supply.



How Health Experts Investigate Possible Zika Outbreaks


How Health Experts Investigate Possible Zika OutbreaksThe Florida Health Department is now investigating four Zika infections that may have been transmitted locally. More than 1,300 people have been diagnosed with Zika in the U.S. and virtually all contracted the disease while traveling abroad. A small number were due to sexual transmission of the disease.



Innovations give African leaders hope malaria can be beaten by 2030


By Umberto Bacchi LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - African governments are confident malaria can be wiped out within 15 years as research innovations, including a vaccine against the disease, are developed and tested, the African Leaders Malaria Alliance (ALMA) said. In 2015, about 188 million Africans contracted malaria and 395,000 died of it - most of them children under five, according to the alliance dedicated to ending malaria deaths in Africa.

Sliver of hope seen in Alzheimer's drug trial


Sliver of hope seen in Alzheimer's drug trialEfforts to find a drug that may slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease saw a glimmer of hope this week in a small trial using an experimental treatment. Researchers are testing the drug, known as LMTM and made by TauRx Therapeutics, Ltd. of Singapore, to see if it can reduce the accumulation of the protein tau in the brain. When tau malfunctions, the brain can form protein tangles that are believed to cause Alzheimer's, the most common form of dementia.



U.S. and UK form global partnership to speed new antibiotics


U.S. and British health officials have created a new alliance with a budget of hundreds of millions of dollars to accelerate the development of new antibiotics and tackle the growing problem of drug resistance. The new group known as Carb-X, short for Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Biopharmaceutical Accelerator, brings together government, academia and industry to speed up work on new treatments and diagnostics. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services said on Thursday it would provide $30 million in the first year and up to $250 million during the five-year project.

Comparison of commercial and homemade infant meals finds flaws in each


By Madeline Kennedy (Reuters Health) - Parents making home-cooked meals often provide babies with too much fat and overall calories, while store-bought meals may not have enough of the fat children need to grow, according to a UK study. Meals made at home also tend to be cheaper for parents of young children and to offer a larger variety of vegetables, the researchers write in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. Because they are growing quickly, young children need more fat in their diets than adults, said lead author Sharon Carstairs, a public health researcher at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland Carstairs noted, though, that too much fat in the diet can also be an issue.

To reverse damage of sitting, take a brisk, hour-long walk


FILE - In this Aug. 13, 2014 file photo, workers sit at desks at a call center in the northern border city of Tijuana, Mexico. If you spend all day sitting, then you might want to schedule some time for a brisk walk - just make sure you can spare at least an hour. Scientists analyzing data from more than 1 million people found that it takes about 60 to 75 minutes of “moderate intensity” exercise to undo the damage of sitting for at least eight hours a day. Not exercising and sitting all day is as dangerous as being obese or smoking, they found. (AP Photo/Alex Cossio, File)LONDON (AP) — If you spend all day sitting, then you might want to schedule some time for a brisk walk — just make sure you can spare at least an hour.



Bristol-Myers shares hit by decline of Yervoy melanoma drug


By Ransdell Pierson (Reuters) - Bristol-Myers Squibb Co reported disappointing second-quarter sales of its Yervoy melanoma treatment on Thursday, raising concerns about the long-term prospects for one of its most important cancer medicines and sending its shares lower. Sales of Yervoy, often used in combination with either Bristol-Myers' newer Opdivo immuno-therapy or with Merck & Co's similar Keytruda, fell 19 percent to $241 million. ...

Sales of flagship drug Revlimid drive Celgene profit; forecast raised


Hugin, Chairman and CEO of Celgene, takes part in a panel discussion titled "Accelerating Medical Research" at the Milken Institute Global Conference in Beverly HillsBy Bill Berkrot NEW YORK (Reuters) - Celgene Corp raised its 2016 profit forecast and exceeded expectations for second-quarter earnings on Thursday on the strength of its flagship multiple myeloma drug Revlimid and growth in newer medicines, sparking a 2 percent jump in its shares. Revlimid sales soared about 18 percent to $1.70 billion, above Wall Street's consensus estimate of about $1.66 billion. With Revlimid sales driven by new patient market share gains and longer duration of use, Celgene raised the full-year sales forecast for the medicine to $6.8 billion from $6.7 billion.



Visual skin cancer screenings fall short of experts' approval


For years, many dermatologists have urged patients to have a full-body visual check for skin cancer. But a new report by a panel of medical experts concluded for the second time in seven years that there is not enough evidence that these screenings benefit patients to recommend them as a preventive service.

A 'human' designed to survive a car crash


To up your chances of surviving a car accident, it would help if your ultra-thick ribcage were lined with sacs that served as natural airbags and if your face were flattened, your skull much larger, your skin thicker and your knees able to move in all directions.

How humans have grown the last 100 years


On average, we're taller than our predecessors thanks to better nutrition and health, according to new research released Tuesday .

How CNN war correspondents stay cool in deadly heat


You're drenched in sweat, couldn't sleep last night and regret ever setting foot outside. Don't worry, you're not alone.

Kid's dream to be garbage man comes true


Ethan Dean, a 6-year-old with an incurable illness, just wants to suit up and be a garbage man for a day. Today, he gets his wish.

Police acts of violence, what controversial new data says



Do video games lead to violence?



How Grindr got men to self-test for HIV


Grindr, a dating app for gay men, was found to be an effective way to give out HIV self-test kits to men at risk of infection and reduce the spread of HIV, according to a recent study.

FDA to reevaluate gay blood ban


The Food and Drug Administration seeks comment from the public as it moves to reconsider its blood donor policies.

Florida officials investigating 4 possible non-travel-related Zika cases


Health officials in Florida are now investigating four possible non-travel-related cases of Zika virus, the state Department of Health said Wednesday.

Cockroach milk: Protein drink you didn't know you were missing


A little cockroach milk with those cookies? Chock full of protein, the insect milk may someday be transformed into a food supplement worthy of human consumption, new research indicates.

More Colorado kids in hospital for marijuana since legalization, study says


As freedom to buy and use pot in Colorado has expanded, so has the number of children who've needed medical treatment for accidental exposure to marijuana, a study reports.

Testing of new Alzheimer's drug disappoints, but it's not all bad news


The latest round of testing for a new Alzheimer's drug didn't produce the results researchers hoped for, but a small number of patients did see some benefit from the medication.

Human nasal bacteria might be superbug killer


Scientists searching for a solution to ever-resistant, infection-causing bacteria may have found an answer much closer to home than expected -- up our noses.

Second U.S. patient had antibiotic-resistant superbug infection


For the second time, scientists detected a feared "superbug" -- bacteria that cannot be killed by the best available drug for treating antibiotic-resistant infections --- in an American patient.

How to stop superbugs from killing 10 million people a year


Superbugs could kill one person every three seconds by 2050, the equivalent of 10 million people a year, according to the final report last week from the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance, established in 2014 to keep the world from being "cast back into the dark ages of medicine."

Deadly superbug infections from tainted scopes greater than thought


The number of potentially deadly infections from contaminated medical scopes is far higher than what federal officials previously estimated, a new congressional investigation shows.

A very special penguin hatches at Bronx Zoo


It's the first time a penguin from this species has been born in New York's Bronx Zoo in its 120+ year history.

Boy raises $20,000 for children's hospital


There are a lot of ways a 10-year-old boy might spend $500. But when Blake Kroll auctioned off his pig for $500 at the county fair, he donated his earnings to Children's Hospital of Wisconsin.

Scientists find cancer in million-year-old fossil


Ancient bones, and ancient cancer. This may affect the way we understand the disease.

A first look at atmosphere of new Earth-like planets


For a craft that was launched in 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope continues to provide us with awe-inspiring firsts. This time, researchers pointed its venerable lens in the direction of Earth-size planets beyond our solar system to give us the first glimpse into their atmospheres, according to a new study.

What was that mystery light in the sky?


Bright, long streaks of light soared across the sky from Utah to California, stunning residents who got an unexpected show Wednesday night.

Jupiter's giant red storm makes its atmosphere hotter than molten lava


Jupiter's Great Red Spot, the humungous storm that has roiled the gas giant for up to 300 years, also heats the planet's atmosphere to scorching temperatures, new findings show.

Dolly the sheep's cloned sisters enjoy good health despite their old age


Though growing old, Dolly's sheep siblings are no worse for wear. Debbie, Denise, Dianna and Daisy, clones all derived from the same cell line as the first cloned mammal, show no signs of long-term health issues, according to research published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications. The clones are, in fact, in vigorous good condition despite the fact that they range in age from 7 to 9, or about 60 to 70 in human years.

One hour of physical activity can improve your health


It's well-known that sitting down all day, be it at your desk, on the couch or in a car, is bad for your health. People know they should be getting up regularly, stretching their legs and simply moving their bodies more, but how many actually do it?

Children stung by terror: Stop the hate


They are teenagers and young adults. Yet in their short lives they each have been touched by terror.

Ice Bucket Challenge celebrates its gene discovery


Ice Bucket Challenge's 2nd anniversary celebrates its gene discovery

Americans wary of gene-editing, brain chips, synthetic blood


Designer babies, brain-boosting chips and "superhuman" synthetic blood may sound like science fiction, but due to advances in biomedical technologies, they soon could be a reality.

What your sleep says about your health


Do you sleep between seven to nine hours per night? According to the experts this is the amount needed, on average, to keep our minds alert and our bodies healthy -- but many people aren't getting enough.

Does it pass the 'smell test?' Seeking ways to diagnose Alzheimer's early


Alzheimer's researchers are looking to our noses and our eyes for early signs of disease.

Key unanswered questions


What we still don't know about the Zika virus and microcephaly.

What you need to know


An alarming and disturbing infection linked to thousands of babies being born with underdeveloped brains is spreading through the Americas.

'The worst day of my life'


The threat of the Zika virus has now become international, but the alarm was raised in Brazil last year when a growing number of cases of microcephaly began to emerge.

The mosquito menace


Why the mosquito that spreads the Zika virus is flourishing in the urban environment.

Spain registers first Zika microcephaly birth in Europe


A woman with the Zika virus gives birth in Spain to a baby with microcephaly, said to be the first such birth registered in Europe.

Double hand transplant: UK's first operation 'tremendous' success


The UK's first double hand transplant operation has taken place at Leeds General Infirmary and the patient says his new hands look "tremendous".

Stem cell match for 'one in nine million' toddler Joey Ziadi


A toddler with a "one in almost nine million" blood disorder finds a matching stem cell donor after a two-year search.

Raw eggs 'safe for pregnant women'


Pregnant women should no longer be told not to eat raw or lightly cooked eggs, a food safety committee recommends.

Chlamydia vaccine 'shows promise'


Canadian researchers have developed a promising vaccine prototype against chlamydia, a study in mice suggests.

Unusual US Zika virus case baffles experts


Experts are trying to work out exactly how a US carer has caught Zika after tending to a dying elderly man with the virus.

Fracking linked to asthma flare-ups


Fracking, the controversial method for mining natural gas, might trigger asthma flare-ups, according to a US study.

Nigeria Boko Haram: Children starving, warns Unicef


Almost a quarter of a million children in parts of Nigeria's Borno state formerly controlled by Boko Haram are severely malnourished, the UN children's agency says.

Exercises you can do at your desk to counter sedentary job


Exercise can counter the dangers of an office job - if you're short of time, here are some moves you can do at your desk.

Ice Bucket Challenge mum praises ALS 'breakthrough'


Nancy Frates, whose son Pete has ALS, welcomes a research breakthrough, but says more donations are needed to find a "cure".

Bore out: Londoners share their views on boredom at work


The BBC's Laura Westbrook takes to the streets of London to ask people for their thoughts on being bored at work.

How have Dolly the Sheep's 'siblings' fared?


The prospect of using cloning to treat humans has been boosted by new evidence suggests that it can be used safely in animals.

Saved premature baby Sophie Proud returns to ward as student nurse


Sophie Proud starts her placement as a student nurse at the ward which saved her life when she was born prematurely.

The British egg industry explains why runny eggs are now safe to eat


Mark Williams, chief executive of the British egg industry council, tells Radio 4's Today programme they are "absolutely delighted"

'Disabled are treated like second-class citizens'


David Isaac the new chair of the Equality and Human Rights Commission has described disability rights in the UK as a badge of shame.

Summer heat tips and myths: Should you strip off in the heat?


As summer temperatures across parts of the UK soar, Dr Angie Bone of Public Health England offers some tips and dispels some myths on staying cool.

Ice Bucket Challenge funds gene discovery in ALS (MND) research


The Ice Bucket Challenge that went viral in 2014 has funded the discovery of an important gene in the neurodegenerative disease ALS, the ALS Association says.

Australian man admits to amateur testicle surgery


An amateur surgeon in Australia pleads guilty to removing the left testicle of a man who could not afford professional medical treatment.

Health Check: Treating medical emergencies in space


A major medical emergency has never occurred on the International Space Station - but what would happen if it did?

The pigeon doctor will see you now


Rats, dogs and cows are just some of the animals that are advancing the diagnosis and treatment of disease in humans.

The twists and turns of naming diseases


For centuries diseases have been named after people and places - but do these names honour or offend?

Cheat's guide


Scientists say that having just an hour of exercise a day may help undo the damage of sitting at a desk all day. Here are five tips on how to be more active without having to go anywhere near a gym.

Bedroom battleground


In our series of letters from African journalists, Ghanaian writer Elizabeth Ohene considers a dilemma over possible malaria prevention.

Touchy subject


Recent studies suggest that condom use is on the decline in South Africa - so how do women there get their partners to use condoms?

Aids secret


Why are thousands of women across South Africa taking HIV drugs in secret.

Google's DeepMind


Google has made headlines for its forays into healthcare but what is its ultimate goal?

One mother, six twins


Danesha Couch from Kansas City tells BBC News she feels "blessed" after giving birth to her third set of twins on 17 June.

Truth drug


Dozens of former child patients at a psychiatric hospital in the 1960s and 70s claim they were experimented on with a so-called truth serum.

Radical thinking


Joe Mcgarry doesn't know whether his alcoholism led him a life on the streets, or the other way around.

'Sugar daddy' syndrome


Aids remains the biggest cause of death among young people in Africa and the number of lives lost in this group has tripled in the past 16 years, writes the BBC's Karen Allen.

'Frozen babies'


More and more couples in the US are using donated embryos to have a child of their own - and many say they are motivated to 'adopt' by religious and ethical beliefs.

Human nose study yields new antibiotics


A new class of antibiotics has been discovered by analysing the bacterial warfare taking place up people's noses, scientists report.

Hour's activity 'offsets sedentary day'


An hour's "brisk exercise" each day offsets the risks of early death linked to a desk-bound working life, scientists suggest.

Cancer found in ancient human ancestor's foot


The earliest evidence of cancer in the human fossil record has been discovered in South Africa, say researchers.

Florida investigates four mysterious Zika infections


Health officials in Florida investigate four cases of Zika that do not appear related to travel, raising fears US mosquitoes may be carrying the virus.

Drug 'may slow' Alzheimer's brain death


A drug appears to slow the death of the brain and preserve mental function in patients with Alzheimer's disease, a study shows.

Scans reveal how teenage brain develops


The areas of the brain involved in complex thought are the ones that change the most during the teenage years, research shows.

Binge watching TV programmes could kill you, according to Japanese scientists


Japanese scientists say watching TV for hours can raise the risk of you dying from a blood clot.

Dutch men revealed as world's tallest


When it comes to height, Dutch men and Latvian women tower over all other nationalities, a study reveals.

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