Health News

To IPO or not to IPO: 2016 to remain tepid as investors stay away

(This version of the June 22 story was refiled to correct to "Truesdell" from "Truesdall" in the second-last paragraph) By Sweta Singh and Ankur Banerjee (Reuters) - Last fall, Jessica Mah, the founder and chief executive of San Francisco-based inDinero, was deluged with calls from investors wanting to know when the accounting software maker would go public. "My investors are now pushing for not wanting to go public anytime soon," said Mah, who started inDinero six years ago when she was 19. The change in inDinero's investor sentiment reflects the uncertainty prevalent in the U.S. IPO market.

Good Morning America: Britain just voted out of the EU ... What's that mean for America?

People gather around a television in The Churchill Tavern as the BBC announces that Britain has voted to leave the European Union, in the Manhattan borough of New York, U.S.Britons have voted to leave the European Union, an outcome that has shocked global financial markets, sending stocks plunging and sovereign bonds and the U.S. dollar sharply higher. On balance, about half of most Americans' retirement funds are invested in stocks, and they are expected to take a beating on the worry that the British decision to leave the EU will destabilize the global economy and torpedo corporate profits.

Following prevention guidelines may reduce risk of cancer by up to two thirds

Following prevention guidelines may reduce risk of cancer by up to two thirdsEating a healthier diet, increasing physical exercise, reducing alcohol consumption, and stopping smoking are all modifiable lifestyle choices that could help prevent up to two thirds of cancer suggests new research. Organizations such as the American Cancer Society (ACS) and the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) have set recommendations on diet and physical activity as part of their cancer prevention strategy. New research analyzed 12 prospective cohort studies published within the last ten years to look at the association between following these guidelines and cancer incidence and mortality.

U.S. banks flex capital muscle in annual stress test

The Federal Reserve building in WashingtonOn Thursday, the Fed said each of the 33 U.S. banks that underwent its standardized stress test were able to stay above minimum required capital levels in severe economic and market conditions. Banks that participated last year also passed, but their capital levels have largely improved since then. Overall, the 33 banks would suffer $385 billion in loan losses over nine quarters under the most severe scenario, the Fed said.

Latest gun control bid falters in Congress, Democrat sit-in ends

House Democrats walk out on the East Front on Capitol Hill in Washington, U.S., after their sit-inBy Richard Cowan and Susan Cornwell WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Another attempt at gun control faltered in the U.S. Congress on Thursday despite outrage at the Orlando massacre, as a proposed ban on firearms sales to people being monitored for links to terrorism barely avoided being killed in the Senate. In a procedural vote, the Senate narrowly rejected an attempt to scrap the plan by Republican Senator Susan Collins to prevent guns getting into the hands of people on two U.S. government terrorism watch lists. It was the latest setback for proponents of gun restrictions who have been thwarted for years on Capitol Hill by gun rights defenders and the National Rifle Association.

Baltimore judge clears second officer in Freddie Gray death

Officer Caesar Goodson arrives at the courthouse in BaltimoreBy Donna Owens BALTIMORE (Reuters) - Baltimore police officer Caesar Goodson Jr. on Thursday became the second officer cleared of criminal wrongdoing in the death of Freddie Gray, a black man who died of injuries sustained while in police custody. Baltimore City Circuit Court Judge Barry Williams found Goodson, who is also black, not guilty of all criminal counts including second-degree "depraved heart" murder, the most serious accusation against any of the six officers charged in connection with Gray's death. Gene Ryan, the head of Baltimore Fraternal Order of Police, praised the judge's decision and called on the State's Attorney for Baltimore, Marilyn Mosby, to drop the cases against the other officers.

Opposition Labour health policy chief resigns after Brexit vote

Alexander, Britain's opposition Labour Party Shadow Health Secretary delivers her keynote speech at the Labour Party conference at Brighton, BritainThe health policy chief of Britain's Labour Party resigned on Sunday, saying the country needed a credible opposition after voting to leave the European Union and that she did not believe party leader Jeremy Corbyn could provide it. "As much as I respect you as a man of principle, I do not believe you have the capacity to shape the answers our country is demanding and I believe that if we are to form the next Government, a change of leadership is essential," Heidi Alexander wrote to Corbyn in a letter she posted on Twitter. Alexander's resignation comes after Labour's foreign policy chief Hilary Benn also told Corbyn he had lost confidence in his leadership, prompting Corbyn to sack Benn.

British opposition Labour health policy chief resigns after Brexit vote

The health policy chief of Britain's Labour Party resigned on Sunday, saying the country needed a credible opposition after voting to leave the European Union and that she did not believe party leader Jeremy Corbyn could provide it. "As much as I respect you as a man of principle, I do not believe you have the capacity to shape the answers our country is demanding and I believe that if we are to form the next Government, a change of leadership is essential," Heidi Alexander wrote to Corbyn in a letter she posted on Twitter. Alexander's resignation comes after Labour's foreign policy chief Hilary Benn also told Corbyn he had lost confidence in his leadership, prompting Corbyn to sack Benn.

Pope urges Armenia and Turkey to reconcile, shun vengeance

Pope Francis, accompanied with Catholicos of All Armenians Karekin II, blesses as he visits the Armenian Apostolic Cathedral of the Seven Wounds in Armenia's second-largest city of GyumriBy Philip Pullella and Margarita Antidze YEREVAN (Reuters) - Pope Francis urged Armenia and Turkey on Saturday to seek reconciliation and to shun "the illusory power of vengeance" a century after 1.5 million Armenians were massacred in the dying days of the Ottoman Empire. Francis made the appeal in an evening prayer service with leaders of the Armenian Apostolic Church on the second day of a trip in which he has risked Turkey's anger by labeling the events of 1915 a genocide, a term Ankara rejects.

Brazil's Temer says women should retire earlier than men: paper

Brazil's interim President Temer attends a meeting with governors of Brazilian states, at the Planalto Palace in BrasiliaBrazil's interim President Michel Temer told local newspapers women should retire earlier than men, explaining why he did not support making a potential minimum retirement age equal for both sexes as his government tackles pension reform. "A little difference is reasonable," Temer said according to an interview published in O Globo newspaper on Saturday. "The woman, in addition to outside work, does the inner work in the home, she is a mother, etc., sometimes cares for siblings." Former Vice President Temer took over from President Dilma Rousseff, Brazil's first female leader, after she was placed on trial in the Senate for breaking budget rules last month.

Global doping agency suspends Rio lab weeks before Olympics

A journalist walks in front of a screen with olympics logos during the medal launching ceremony in Rio de JaneiroBy Pedro Fonseca RIO DE JANEIRO (Reuters) - The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has suspended the credentials of a testing laboratory in Rio de Janeiro for failing to comply with international standards, just over a month before the city hosts the Olympic Games. Although the suspension adds to embarrassments for Brazil in the runup to the Olympics, it is unlikely to affect the Games since the agency has arranged testing elsewhere, as it did when the same Rio lab lost its credentials before the 2014 World Cup. The lab at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro said on Friday that its operations should return to normal in July after a technical visit from WADA, ahead of the start of the Games on Aug. 5.

China tightens controls on paid-for internet search ads

A map of China is seen through a magnifying glass on a computer screen showing binary digits in SingaporeChina's internet regulator said on Saturday that search engines should tighten management of paid-for ads in search results, making clear which results are paid-for and limiting their numbers. Chinese regulators last month imposed limits on the number of lucrative healthcare adverts carried by Baidu Inc following the death of a student who underwent an experimental cancer treatment which he found using China's biggest internet search engine. Wei Zexi, 21, died in April of a rare form of cancer, and the case sparked widespread public anger.

Arizona says it has run out of drugs for executions

Screen grab of the execution chamber at the Arizona State Prison Complex in FlorenceThe Arizona Department of Corrections' supply of midazolam, a sedative, expired on May 31 and it has not been able to replace it, state lawyers said in the filing in Phoenix's U.S. District Court. "What is more, the Department's source of midazolam has vanished under pressure from death penalty opponents," the court document said. The lawsuit was filed on behalf of seven death-row inmates who allege that Arizona's use of midazolam and two other drugs violate the U.S. Constitution's ban on cruel and unusual punishment.

Haiti launches new AIDS testing, information campaign

Members of a local NGO distribute condoms to people in Port-au-Prince, the capital of HaitiPort-au-Prince (AFP) - Haiti's Ministry of Health and the United Nations launched a new anti-HIV/AIDS campaign, providing information and rapid testing to help thwart the spread of the epidemic. "If a person does not protect him or herself, it's because of a lack of information," Valerie Toureau, a doctor with the UNAIDS organization, said on Friday. More than 100 people got tested at a center installed in downtown Port-au-Prince, and condoms were also distributed.

Golfer Grace pulls out of Olympics due to Zika

PGA: U.S. Open - Final Round(Reuters) - South African Branden Grace joined a growing list of leading golfers withdrawing from the Rio Olympics on Friday due to concerns about the Zika virus. The world number 11, who is South Africa's top ranked golfer, joins compatriots Louis Oosthuizen and Charl Schwartzel in pulling out of the August Games, which will see the sport return for the first time in 112 years. "After serious consideration, it is with regret that I have decided to withdraw myself from the Olympic competition due to the risk posed by the Zika virus," the 28-year-old, who is engaged to Nieke Coetzee, said in a statement.

Olympics-Golfer Grace pulls out of Olympics due to Zika

South African Branden Grace joined a growing list of leading golfers withdrawing from the Rio Olympics on Friday due to concerns about the Zika virus. The world number 11, who is South Africa's top ranked golfer, joins compatriots Louis Oosthuizen and Charl Schwartzel in pulling out of the August Games, which will see the sport return for the first time in 112 years. "After serious consideration, it is with regret that I have decided to withdraw myself from the Olympic competition due to the risk posed by the Zika virus," the 28-year-old, who is engaged to Nieke Coetzee, said in a statement.

Racially biased cancer doctors spend less time with black patients

By Kathryn Doyle Racial bias on the part of a doctor can lead to poor communication and medical treatment for black cancer patients, a U.S. study suggests. Researchers who analyzed video-recorded discussions between oncologists and African-American patients found that biased doctors spent less time with patients, and patients had a harder time remembering the contents of the conversation. Many people have some level of implicit racial bias, and doctors are no different, said lead author Louis A. Penner of the Karmanos Cancer Institute in Detroit, Michigan.

Weight loss surgery helps keep pounds off 10 years later

By Linda Thrasybule Ten years after gastric-bypass weight-loss surgery, patients in a recent study had managed to keep off much of the weight they’d lost. Mehaffey, from the University of Virginia School of Medicine, told Reuters Health by phone, “It’s not just that people are losing a lot of weight, but they’re also much healthier.” In gastric bypass operations, surgeons remove part of the stomach and reroute the intestines to help patients with extreme obesity lose weight. The American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery estimates that in 2014, 193,000 people in the U.S. underwent weight loss operations, known collectively as bariatric surgery.

Illinois deputies learn how to deal with mentally ill

Bob Maas, a Crisis Intervention Training Instructor and 16-year Cook County Sheriff's deputy, acts as a schizophrenia customer during a training at Triton College in River GroveBy Justin Madden RIVER GROVE, Ill. (Reuters) - As law enforcement officers across the United States feel the heat about excessive use of force, dealing with the mentally ill was the training focus for Cook County sheriff's deputies this week. The week-long training took place at Triton College near Chicago. "Someone who is suffering from mental illness is no different than that person who is having that asthma attack or the person who is having that heart attack," said Bob Maas, a crisis intervention trainer and 16-year sheriff's deputy.

Researchers pinpoint best meds to treat migraine in the ED

By Marilynn Larkin New guidelines for doctors will help them treat migraine headaches that are severe enough to bring patients to the emergency department. According to the guidelines, emergency physicians should avoid injecting migraine patients with morphine or morphine-like drugs, known as opioids. Instead, they should use one of two other intravenous drugs or an injection of sumatriptan.

Female pet owners may be less likely to die of stroke

U.S. women over age 50 and generally healthy were less likely to die of cardiovascular events like stroke if they had a cat or dog, the researchers found. After accounting for the increase in physical activity required of dog owners, owning a cat instead of a dog was still tied to a lower risk of death from stroke. About 35 percent of people owned a pet, most often a dog.

UK 'Leave' vote deflates hopes for U.S.-EU trade deal

Protesters depicting Statue of Liberty and Europa on the bull take part in a demonstration against TTIP free trade agreement ahead of U.S. President Obama's visit in Hannover, Germany April 23, 2016.By David Lawder WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Britain's looming exit from the European Union is another huge setback for negotiations on a massive U.S.-EU free trade deal that were already stalled by deeply entrenched differences and growing anti-trade sentiment on both sides of the Atlantic. With French and German officials increasingly voicing skepticism about TTIP's chances for success, the United Kingdom's departure from the deal could sink hopes of a deal before President Barack Obama leaves office in January. "This is yet another reason why TTIP will likely be postponed," said Heather Conley, European program director at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a think tank in Washington.

Dutch activists seek to stub out smokers' corner in cafes

The Netherlands is a signatory to the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control signed by 168 states.Dutch anti-cigarette campaigners Thursday launched a lawsuit against the government calling for an end to spaces reserved for smokers in cafes and bars. Despite a general ban on smoking in restaurants, pubs and bars introduced in 2008, more than 25 percent of the country's cafes still have an enclosed area inside where patrons can legally light up, campaigners say. "More cafes are creating designated smoking areas.

Rio doping lab expects to return to normal in July before Olympics

RIO DE JANEIRO (Reuters) - A laboratory in Rio de Janeiro suspended by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) said on Friday that it expects to return to normal operations next month following a visit from a WADA technical committee, in time for the start of the Olympics. (Reporting by Pedro Fonseca; Writing by Daniel Flynn; Editing by Brad Haynes)

False positives likely triggered suspension of Rio doping lab :source

RIO DE JANEIRO (Reuters) - The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) likely suspended the credentials for a testing lab in Rio de Janeiro due to technical errors generating false positives, a source familiar with the decision said on Friday. (Reporting by Pedro Fonseca; Writing by Brad Haynes; Editing by Daniel Flynn)

Senator renews scrutiny of pharma ties on federal panel

FILE - In this Friday, Sept. 25, 2015, file photo, U.S. Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., speaks after a news conference in Portland, Ore. Wyden is pushing for more answers on why doctors and patient advocates with financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry came to serve on a panel that advises the federal government on pain issues. (AP Photo/Don Ryan, File)WASHINGTON (AP) — A high-ranking Senate Democrat is pushing for more answers on why doctors and patient advocates with financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry came to serve on a panel that advises the federal government on pain issues.

Factbox: Domestic violence, abuse plague Native Americans

By Ellen Wulfhorst TAOS PUEBLO, New Mexico (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Father and son John Tsosie and Ernest Tsosie Jr. travel the American Southwest, promoting awareness of domestic violence and abuse on Indian reservations and aiming their message at Native American men. Here are some facts about Indian communities in the Southwest and elsewhere in the United States.

Flint children's blood lead levels rose in water crisis: U.S. officials

A sign is seen next to a water dispenser at North Western High School in Flint, a city struggling with the effects of lead-poisoned drinking water in MichiganFederal health officials on Friday confirmed that the blood lead levels of children in Flint, Michigan, rose after the city switched to the Flint River as the source of its drinking water, exposing residents to dangerously high contamination. Flint, with a population of about 100,000, was under control of a state-appointed emergency manager in 2014 when it switched its water source to the river from Detroit's municipal system to save money. The river water was more corrosive than the Detroit system's and caused more lead to leach from aging pipes.

Father-son Navajo Indians draw on violent pasts to teach healing

By Ellen Wulfhorst TAOS PUEBLO, New Mexico (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - John Tsosie stood up before a small audience at a Pueblo Native American reservation and told the gathering how he hit the mother of his children. Joining him was his father Ernest Tsosie Jr., who recounted how he too inflicted raging violence on his family. The father-and-son duo of Navajo Indians now travels the American Southwest, sharing their stories of violence and recovery to help troubled Native American men prone to alcoholism, drugs and domestic abuse.

Bug Spray Hacks: How to Avoid the Summer Bite

Avoid pests this summer with these handy tips.

Brazil's Bible, beef and bullets lobby backs Temer, unfazed by scandal

Brazil's interim President Temer attends a meeting with governors of Brazilian states, at the Planalto Palace in BrasiliaBy Anthony Boadle BRASILIA (Reuters) - Conservative legislators in Brazil say they will back interim President Michel Temer through a growing corruption scandal in return for support for their right-wing social agenda, including tougher abortion restrictions and looser gun control. The powerful bloc's willingness to stand by Temer, expressed to Reuters by five of its leading lawmakers, bolsters his chances of surviving the scandal and ousting suspended President Dilma Rousseff in an impeachment trial, despite losing three ministers in a month to a graft probe of state oil company Petrobras . The widening scandal has undermined Temer's six-week-old government and shaken confidence in his ability to pass reforms aimed at cutting Brazil's fiscal deficit as Latin America's largest economy faces its worst recession in decades.

How will 'Brexit' affect aid agencies and charities?

Vote Leave supporters holds up Union flags in Westminster after Britain voted to leave on the European Union in LondonBy Lin Taylor LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Britain has voted to leave the European Union, forcing the resignation of Prime Minister David Cameron and dealing the biggest blow to the European project of greater unity since World War Two. The four-month campaign was among the divisive ever waged in Britain, with accusations of lying and scare-mongering on both sides and rows on immigration which critics said at times unleashed overt racism. It revealed deep splits in British society, with the pro-Brexit side drawing support from millions of voters who felt left behind by globalization and believed they saw no benefits from Britain's ethnic diversity and free-market economy.

EU officials to decide on Roundup herbicide after political impasse

Monsanto's Roundup weedkiller atomizers are displayed for sale at a garden shop at Bonneuil-Sur-Marne near ParisBy Alissa de Carbonnel BRUSSELS (Reuters) - An impasse between EU nations on whether to allow Monsanto's Roundup and similar weed-killers to continue to be sold means that the European Commission, rather than national politicians, will decide the issue next week. With most EU attention focused on Britain's shock decision to quit the bloc, everyday work continued in Brussels on Friday where an "appeal's committee" of representatives from the 28 member states failed to agree on whether to extend the license for the herbicide glyphosate after it expires next week. The European Crop Protection Association said banning the chemical could harm farmers, increase food prices and damage the environment.

Bollywood film exposes plight of women trapped in India's drug trade

A man rides his bicycle past a poster of the movie "Udta Punjab" in MumbaiBy Rina Chandran MUMBAI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A new Bollywood film gives a rare glimpse into the exploitation and enslavement of women in India's drug trade, highlighting how the stigma surrounding women drug users leaves them vulnerable to abuse. 'Udta Punjab' (Flying Punjab), directed by Abhishek Chaubey and released last week, shows how one of India's most prosperous states has been blighted by drug use, with corrupt politicians and police complicit in the trade that largely afflicts young men. Once considered a male-only problem in India, drug addiction is rising among women, who are more likely to be subject to abuse and less likely to seek help, experts say.

FDA panel to vote whether diabetes drug cuts cardiac death

(Reuters) - An advisory panel to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will be asked to vote next week on whether a diabetes drug made by Eli Lilly & Co and Boehringer Ingelheim cuts the risk of cardiovascular death, according to documents posted on the agency's website on Friday. The documents were published ahead of a June 28 meeting of outside advisors who will discuss the drug, Jardiance, and recommend whether the label should include a claim that it cuts the risk of heart problems in patients at high risk. The FDA is not obliged to follow the advice of its advisory panels but typically does so.

Brexit spells upheaval for EU and UK drug regulation

The GlaxoSmithKline building in Hounslow, west LondonBy Ben Hirschler LONDON (Reuters) - Britain's vote to leave the European Union spells regulatory uncertainty for drug companies, with the London-based European Medicines Agency (EMA), which approves treatments for all EU countries, expected to have to relocate. The association of Germany's pharmaceuticals industry said on Friday that Europe's equivalent of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration would need to move to a city within the EU, bringing administrative headaches for companies. Britain's biggest drugmaker, GlaxoSmithKline, said the exit vote "creates uncertainty and potentially complexity for us in the future", though the impact on its global business would be small, while the UK pharma trade association warned of challenges to future investment, research and jobs.

Milestones in legal fight over Texas abortion law

The Republican-led Texas legislature passes and Republican Governor Rick Perry signs the law known as H.B. 2, putting new requirements on abortion providers. September 2013 – Before the law is enforced, Planned Parenthood and other abortion providers challenge the measure. March 2014 - The New Orleans-based U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit, a regional federal appeals court covering Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi, reverses the lower court and permits much of the law to take effect.

Factbox: Major U.S. Supreme Court abortion rights cases

(Reuters) - The U.S. Supreme Court's key rulings on abortion, dating to the landmark 1973 decision that legalized the procedure nationwide, have long provoked social, religious and political tensions. As the court majority became more conservative over the decades, it set standards that enhance states' ability to regulate abortion. Here is a look at the court's major abortion rulings.

U.S. Supreme Court poised to issue major abortion ruling

A protester holds up a sign in front of the U.S. Supreme Court in WashingtonBy Lawrence Hurley WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. Supreme Court is due on Monday to issue its first major abortion ruling since 2007 against a backdrop of unremitting divisions among Americans on the issue and a decades-long decline in the rate at which women terminate pregnancies. The court's decision on whether a Republican-backed 2013 Texas law placed an undue burden on women exercising their constitutional right to abortion is one of three remaining cases for the court to decide on Monday, the last day of its term. The last time the justices decided a major abortion case was nine years ago when they ruled 5-4 to uphold a federal law banning a late-term abortion procedure.

Bangladesh gets $150 million from World Bank for health

A man is silhouetted against the logo of the World Bank at the main venue for the IMF and World Bank annual meeting in TokyoThe World Bank said on Sunday it has approved $150 million in additional financing to help improve Bangladesh's health systems and services, bringing its total support for health projects in the country to $508.9 million. The support will help the government address health sector challenges, including sustaining and improving immunization coverage, improving deliveries for pregnant women at public health facilities and tackling multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, the World Bank said in a statement. Bangladesh has reduced under-five child mortality by 29 percent between 2007 and 2014, and during the same period, births attended by medically trained professionals increased from 21 percent to 42 percent.

Filling a prescription? You might be better off paying cash

Some consumers who use health insurance copays to buy prescription drugs are paying far more than they should be and would be better off paying with cash, especially for generics.

The best and worst states to raise children in

Minnesota reigns as the most kid-friendly state to raise a family for the second year in a row, according to an Annie E. Casey Foundation study released Tuesday.

Researchers hope to go beyond wigs with 3-D printed hair

Any number of complicated things can be created in a matter of minutes with 3-D printer technology: weapons, robots, even pizza. But what if you could print hair?

A tea party to say goodbye to Julianna Snow

It was a funeral with a dress code: fabulous.

Can you get Zika from kissing?

Can you get Zika from kissing? Theoretically yes, but don't let that worry you.

Why some people aren't tempted to cheat on their partners

Even if you don't live in Hollywood, you've probably wondered how some people manage to stay married for decades on end. When asked how he remained faithful to his wife, the late, legendary actor/god/salad dressing entrepreneur Paul Newman is said to have quipped something of, "Why go out for hamburger when you could have a steak at home."

Herbal remedies improve early menopause symptoms

A new study finds that plant-based supplements can offer some relief for menopausal symptoms. More than half of menopausal women experience hot flashes. Though prescription hormone therapy effectively treats this symptom, many women, who worry about possible negative health effects from these drugs, opt instead to use herbal remedies.

Are kids getting more concussions than we realize?

Every year, almost half a million (PDF) children across the United States visit emergency rooms for concussions. But recent studies find that number may undercount just how many kids really have concussions.

8 unexpected places you may find lead

Because there is no safe level of blood lead concentrations, it's time for new legal requirements to remove lead from housing, child care facilities and school water fountains, the American Academy of Pediatrics said in a new policy statement.

Getting a childhood back at camp after a parent's cancer took it away

There are camps for kids with cancer, but Camp Kesem brings the camp experience back to children whose parents are the ones impacted by the disease.

For gunshot survivors, recovery can last a lifetime

The road to recovery for the dozens of injured survivors of the Orlando shooting is likely be long and painful, if they can ever fully recover.

CDC report reveals magnitude of Flint water crisis

The residents of Flint, Michigan, continue to face an unprecedented crisis over lead in water. Today, a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention makes clear how much damage was done.

Worldwide drug use steady, but heroin on rise in U.S., U.N. report says

Worldwide, drug use has remained steady over the past four years, according to a report released today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. However, researchers found that heroin use in the United States is up 145% since 2007.

Australia's mass shootings dropped to zero after gun reforms

After any mass shooting, whether it's the recent Orlando massacre or the terror at a Charleston church or the killings in Newtown, Connecticut, one statistic is often cited: Australia has had zero mass shootings in two decades, while America faces frequent bloodshed.

CDC panel recommends against using FluMist vaccine

Flu vaccines are about to get more painful. A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advisory committee recommended on Wednesday that FluMist, the nasal spray influenza vaccine, should not be used during the upcoming flu season.

Demands for abortions up as Zika spreads

In Latin American countries, where abortion is highly restricted, if not illegal, pregnant women are seeking abortions at significantly higher rates, a new study shows.

Bike versus train: A classic showdown

One of the oldest organized bicycle races in North America competes with a steam train that runs between Durango and Silverton, Colorado.

Fit Nation: Iron Horse Classic

The Iron Horse Bicycle Classic has pitted bike against train since 1972.

Get on board: The new four-wheeled sport for everyone

What is a race?

Skiing + man's best friend = skijoring, with love

Few sports start with picking the right life partner. But skijoring -- cross-country skiing aided by an additional conveyance, often a dog -- is one.

Face to face with a mass gunman

Six rapid shots from a rifle -- Santa Monica Police Officer Robert Sparks, a former SWAT officer, knew the sound instantly.

Triple amputee doctor: Disability doesn't define you

If you had asked me 20 years ago where I would be, I never would have imagined I would be a physician working at UCLA Health, one of the best medical centers in the country. For over 25 years, my physical disability threatened to define who I was and what others thought I could become.

What does Brexit mean for UK health care?

After voting Thursday to leave the European Union, citizens of the United Kingdom now face the consequences, including the potential impact on their health care services.

The next LGBT cause: gun control

The National Rifle Association, often thought of as a powerful, unbeatable special interest group, may have finally met its match.

The man who's changing how Colombians define 'disabled'

Born with cerebral palsy, doctors didn't expect much of Jeison Aristizábal but now he's the one providing medical therapy, nutritious food and job training to the disabled.

'Pronoia' and other emotions you never knew you had

Scientists believe that if you put a name to a feeling, it can help that feeling become less overwhelming. Explore a list of 10 extremely precise words for emotions.

Popcorn and quinoa are a recipe for long life

Want to live longer? Have a piece of whole grain toast or oatmeal for breakfast, eat popcorn as a snack, or put some buckwheat in your pasta. Two new studies find whole grain may be the key to long life.

In a driverless car accident, who dies?

Driverless cars pose a serious "social dilemma" when it comes to safety, according to new research.

Texas woman sports British accent after surgery

What you may not know about U.S. abortion history

There was a time when abortion was simply part of life in the United States. Then, for about 100 years, it became illegal. How we got there, and to where we are now, may surprise you.

Butterfly effect

How a mother campaigns to get people talking about babies who die.

Yellow fever fight

Angola is struggling to contain a yellow fever outbreak that has killed more than 300 people since December and is threatening other countries.

New young fogey

Young people today are more clean-living than any generation since before the 1960s. What is driving the rise of the new young fogey?

Nothing for nothing

In an interview with the BBC News website, AstraZeneca boss Pascal Soriot talks about how it is an exciting time for the cancer drugs world, but says there is no point giving free drugs to Africa.

Self-induced abortion

One young woman explains why she took pills to induce her own abortion.

Infecting with HIV

More than 2,000 Indians have contracted HIV while receiving blood transfusions in hospitals in the past 17 months because of the country's poor blood safety standards, writes Chapal Mehra.

Ali's battle with Parkinson’s

Legendary boxer Muhammad Ali died decades after developing the degenerative brain disease Parkinson's, but what is the condition and how does it develop?

Pregnancy vaccines

Vaccinating pregnant women is crucial, and a way of plugging the "immunisation loophole" and protecting their unborn babies, says Lord Ara Darzi, writing for the BBC News website.

Key unanswered questions

What we still don't know about the Zika virus and microcephaly.

What you need to know

An alarming and disturbing infection linked to thousands of babies being born with underdeveloped brains is spreading through the Americas.

'The worst day of my life'

The threat of the Zika virus has now become international, but the alarm was raised in Brazil last year when a growing number of cases of microcephaly began to emerge.

The mosquito menace

Why the mosquito that spreads the Zika virus is flourishing in the urban environment.

Abortion demand 'soars' over Zika

Fears over the Zika virus have contributed to a "huge" increase in number of abortions in Latin America, researchers suggest.

Ginger and acupressure 'options for morning sickness'

Taking ginger or using acupressure on the wrist may help some women with mild morning sickness, experts say.

BBC reporter tells of MS diagnosis

BBC journalist Caroline Wyatt says she is determined to make the most of her life after being diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.

Second baby for womb transplant mum

One of the first women to receive a womb transplant is expecting a second child, a medical conference has heard.

Yellow fever vaccine: UN backs lower doses amid shortage

UN health experts recommend cutting the standard dose of yellow fever vaccine by 80% in emergencies, amid an outbreak in Angola and DR Congo.

Philadelphia to bring in 'soda tax' to fight obesity

The US city of Philadelphia introduces a tax on carbonated sugary drinks, despite a multimillion-dollar campaign by the beverage industry to block it.

Cancer risk from coffee downgraded

The cancer risk of coffee has been downgraded, with experts concluding there is inadequate evidence to suggest it causes the disease.

Zika virus: Risk of spread from Olympics 'very low' says WHO

The World Health Organization sees a "very low risk" of the Zika virus spreading internationally as a result of the Brazil Olympics.

Obesity boom 'fuelling rise in malnutrition'

Malnutrition is sweeping the world, fuelled by obesity as well as starvation, new research suggests.

Pregnant women with epilepsy 'need specialist care'

Pregnant women with epilepsy need specialist care to prevent unnecessary deaths, according to new guidelines from the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

Spread of human disease from animals mapped

Scientists say they have developed a better way to predict how diseases such as Lassa fever jump from animals to humans.

Light pollution 'affects 80% of global population'

More than 80% of the world's population lives under light-polluted skies, a study suggests.

Falklands widow fights for frozen embryos

The widow of a Falklands veteran is going to the High Court to try and prevent their frozen embryos being destroyed.

Mother: 'We need more dialogue around drugs'

Three 12-year-old girls who became seriously ill after taking ecstasy on Saturday are now said to be in a stable condition.

'A massive shock' - suffering from anorexia in later life

New research by the BBC's Breakfast programme shows an increase in the number of people in England and Wales who are middle-aged or elderly and struggling with eating disorders.

Dance as therapy, Bollywood-style

Harefield hospital in London is giving some of its patients a taste of Bollywood and classical Indian dance - and the results are apparently proving helpful to health.

The Senegalese woman teaching braille for free

Meet Fama Ka, the visually impaired woman who runs free braille classes to teach blind people in her neighbourhood how to read.

Student nurses: Plan to scrap bursaries criticised

Health unions have written to David Cameron urging him to halt a plan to replace bursaries for nursing and midwifery training courses in England with loans.

'Safety concerns' at ambulance trust

One of the UK's busiest ambulance services is being investigated after reports of bullying and harassment and a dispatch system described as "unfit for purpose".

Bubbly drink trial 'to boost cancer therapy'

Scientists are investigating whether bubbly drinks could boost the success of cancer treatments, after winning a Cancer Research UK award for "outside the box" ideas.

'Harmful' robot aims to spark AI debate

A robot that can decide whether or not to inflict pain is demonstrated by roboticist and artist Alexander Reben.

Health Check: Treating medical emergencies in space

A major medical emergency has never occurred on the International Space Station - but what would happen if it did?

The pigeon doctor will see you now

Rats, dogs and cows are just some of the animals that are advancing the diagnosis and treatment of disease in humans.

The twists and turns of naming diseases

For centuries diseases have been named after people and places - but do these names honour or offend?

Virtual doctors

Health services for a million people in Zambia are being connected to UK doctors, using a smartphone app.

Battle for survival

BBC Brasil's Camilla Costa reports on the babies born with microcephaly one year ago and how they are faring now.

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