Health News

Mylan to launch generic EpiPen at half the price of original

EpiPen auto-injection epinephrine pens manufactured by Mylan NV pharmaceutical company are seen in WashingtonThe company reduced the out-of-pocket costs of EpiPen for some patients on Thursday, but kept the list price at about $600, a move that U.S. lawmakers and Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton said was not enough. Mylan said on Monday it expected to launch the generic product "in several weeks", an unusual move considering the branded bestseller is still patent protected and major rival treatments have failed to get regulatory clearances. "Our decision to launch a generic alternative to EpiPen is an extraordinary commercial response," Chief Executive Heather Bresch said Monday.

Adult mosquitoes can pass Zika to their offspring: U.S. study

Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are seen inside Oxitec laboratory in Campinas, BrazilBy Julie Steenhuysen CHICAGO (Reuters) - Adult female mosquitoes can pass the Zika virus along to their offspring, U.S. researchers said on Monday, a finding that makes clear the need for pesticide programs that kill both adult mosquitoes and their eggs. The findings, published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, show that as with many related viruses, including dengue and yellow fever, Zika can be transmitted from female mosquitoes to their offspring. Dr. Robert Tesh of the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas, a study co-author, said the fact that the virus can be passed along to mosquito offspring makes Zika harder to control.

Adult mosquitoes can pass Zika to their offspring -US study

By Julie Steenhuysen CHICAGO, Aug 29 (Reuters) - Adult female mosquitoes can pass the Zika virus along to their offspring, U.S. researchers said on Monday, a finding that makes clear the need for pesticide programs that kill both adult mosquitoes and their eggs. The findings, published in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, show that as with many related viruses, including dengue and yellow fever, Zika can be transmitted from female mosquitoes to their offspring. Dr. Robert Tesh of the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas, a study co-author, said the fact that the virus can be passed along to mosquito offspring makes Zika harder to control.

EpiPen maker to offer generic amid price flap

Price rise for anti-allergy EpiPen sparks furorThe drugmaker Mylan NV said Monday it would offer a generic version of the EpiPen, the company's second move in a week to contain public outrage over perceived price gouging. A five-fold increase in the price of the life-saving epinephrine injectors over a decade drew stinging rebukes last week, with Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton and others demanding the company drop its prices. In a statement, Mylan Chief Executive Heather Bresch said the generic injector version would offer "a long-term solution to further reduce costs and ease the burden and complexity of the process on the patient." Bresch is the daughter of Democrat US Senator Joe Manchin.

Why Parents Aren't Vaccinating Their Kids, According to New Study

Debunked claims about autism and vaccines aren't main the reason.

Generic EpiPen Could Still Be Costly for Families

Generic would cost about half the current $600 price for set of two.

Immediate removal from play tied to faster recovery from concussion

By Kathryn Doyle (Reuters Health) - High school athletes who stop playing immediately after they experience a concussion take about half as long to recover as those who continue to play, according to a new study. “This was one of the first studies to tie-in a recovery consequence to staying in the game and playing with a concussion,” said lead author Robert J. Elbin of the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville. Continuing to play with a concussion may worsen the injury, and now there’s evidence that it also keeps you from returning to play for a longer period.

House Committee requests EpiPen documents from Mylan

EpiPen auto-injection epinephrine pens manufactured by Mylan NV pharmaceutical company are seen in Washington(Reuters) - U.S. representatives Jason Chaffetz and Elijah Cummings of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform sent a letter to Mylan NV Chief Executive Heather Bresch on Monday asking for documents and communications related to the fast-increasing price of allergy auto-injector EpiPens. Mylan said earlier it would launch the first generic version of EpiPen for $300, half the price of the branded product, in the drugmaker's second step in less than a week to counter a backlash over the product's steep price.

Pennsylvania firm launches Zika vaccine trial in Puerto Rico

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) — A Pennsylvania drug company announced Monday that it has launched a clinical trial of an experimental Zika vaccine in Puerto Rico, the part of the U.S. hardest hit by the mosquito-borne virus.

Overspecialization, overtraining up injuries and burnout in kids sports

By Kathryn Doyle (Reuters Health) - Focusing only on one sport, year-round, can increase kids’ risk of injury and burnout, according to a clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Authors of the guidance document, Dr. Joel S. Brenner and the AAP Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness, advise pediatricians and parents to keep in mind that the primary focus of sports for young athletes should be to have fun and learn lifelong physical activity skills. Playing multiple sports, at least until puberty, decreases the risk of injury, stress and burnout, they add.

Republicans ask Clinton Foundation to produce correspondence

Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton stands with her husband Bill Clinton after accepting the nomination on the final night of the Democratic National Convention in PhiladelphiaThe Republican National Committee asked the charity of Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton's family on Monday to produce all correspondence its staff had with the U.S. State Department while Clinton served as America's most senior diplomat. Clinton's campaign to win the Nov. 8 presidential election has been dogged by criticism that donors to the Clinton Foundation may have expected special favors from the U.S. government in return. "The Clinton Foundation can play a vital role in filling important gaps in the public record by demonstrating its commitment to transparency and making public all correspondence its officials had with the State Department during Secretary Clinton's tenure," Reince Priebus, the RNC chairman, said in a letter to the foundation's president, Donna Shalala.

Want to detect gluten on the go? There's a device for that

A NIMA portable gluten analyzer is shown in San Francisco, CaliforniaBy Ben Gruber SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - A California startup has developed a portable technology that will allow consumers to test their food for gluten on the go. "Even when you go out and see these labeled menu items, you are still playing Russian roulette," said Shireen Yates, co-founder and chief executive of NIMA, which was founded in 2013. Designed in San Francisco by a team from MIT, Stanford, Google and Nike, NIMA can analyze any type of food or beverage for gluten down to 20 parts per million, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classification for gluten-free products.

Haiti fights losing battle against cholera

A woman, with cholera symptoms is treated at the Cholera Treatment Center of Diquini in Port-au-Prince, Haiti on August 23, 2016Port-au-Prince (AFP) - Plastic-sheeted cots for men, women and children are crammed side by side in a former hangar. At the cholera treatment center in the Haitian city of Carrefour, the sick have no privacy. Djelile Pierre gingerly uses a syringe to feed her five-year-old daughter, who has been hospitalized there near the capital of Port-au-Prince for three days.

2011 Ohio law made abortions riskier, more costly

By Andrew M. Seaman (Reuters Health) - After Ohio enacted a law forcing abortion providers to prescribe an outdated drug regimen, women who received medication abortions there were more likely to experience complications and higher prices, a study shows. "That’s what happens when laws aren’t based on scientific evidence," said lead researcher Ushma Upadhyay, of the Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health at the University of California, San Francisco. Medication abortions use drugs to end early pregnancies.

University study finds flaws in criticism of St. Jude cyber security

The ticker and trading information for St. Jude Medical is displayed where the stock is traded on the floor of the NYSEUniversity of Michigan researchers on Tuesday said their own experiments undermine recent allegations of security flaws in St. Jude Medical Inc's pacemakers and other implantable medical devices. Shares of St. Jude fell 5 percent on Thursday after short-selling firm Muddy Waters and its business partner, cyber security company MedSec Holdings Inc, alleged finding significant security bugs in the company's Merlin@home device for monitoring implanted heart devices. The university said its researchers came "to strikingly different conclusions" after generating the conditions reported by Muddy Waters and not finding a security issue.

20 Democratic senators blast steep price hike for EpiPens

FILE - In this July 8, 2016, file photo, a pharmacist holds a package of EpiPens epinephrine auto-injector, a Mylan product, in Sacramento, Calif. Mylan said it will make available a generic version of its EpiPen, as criticism mounts over the price of its injectable medicine. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, File)WASHINGTON (AP) — In a sign of growing concern in Congress, 20 Democratic senators are demanding answers about steep price hikes for the life-saving EpiPen injector device.

Upbeat music may make people more cooperative

A woman lies in the grass at Columbia University in New YorkBy Kathryn Doyle (Reuters Health) - The right mood music can influence how well people work together, a new management-oriented study suggests. Many retail establishments carefully select the music they play in order to influence consumer behavior, such as encouraging shoppers to buy more, the authors write. In the first of two studies, 78 participants were randomly divided into two groups: a “happy music” group that heard songs like “Yellow Submarine” by The Beatles and the theme from the television show “Happy Days,” and an “unhappy music” group that heard less familiar heavy metal songs like “Smokahontas” by Attack Attack! The participants in each group used a computer application in which they played a sort of economics game with other unidentified participants in the same room, but players didn’t speak to one another.

Italy holds funeral for quake victims as search continues

Italian soldiers carry a coffin at the end of funeral service for victims of the earthquake that levelled the town in AmatriceBy Giulia Segreti and Iona Serrapica AMATRICE, Italy (Reuters) - Italy held a state funeral in pouring rain on Tuesday for some of the victims of an earthquake which leveled mountain communities last week, killing at least 292 people. Of the 292 confirmed dead, 231 perished in Amatrice.

New York expands access to restrictive medical marijuana program

The inside of the Columbia Care medical marijuana dispensary is seen in New YorkBy Laila Kearney NEW YORK (Reuters) - New York state will loosen rules on marijuana prescribing, allow home delivery of the drug and take other steps to expand its medical cannabis program, health officials announced on Tuesday. The announcement follows a report issued earlier this month by the New York Department of Health recommending that the state increase access to the program, seen by experts as one of the most restrictive of its kind in the United States.  "We are constantly evaluating the program to make it more effective for patients and practitioners, and we believe that the implementation of these recommendations will do just that,” Health Commissioner Dr. Howard Zucker said in a statement. New York opened its first medicinal cannabis dispensaries in January, joining 22 other states and Washington, D.C., with medical marijuana programs.

More than 300 million at risk of life-threatening diseases from dirty water: U.N.

A boy searches for coins thrown by devotees as religious offerings in a polluted water channel near a temple in KolkataBy Magdalena Mis LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - More than 300 million people in Asia, Africa and Latin America are at risk of life-threatening diseases like cholera and typhoid due to the increasing pollution of water in rivers and lakes, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) said. Between 1990 and 2010, pollution caused by viruses, bacteria and other micro-organisms, and long-lasting toxic pollutants like fertilizer or petrol, increased in more than half of rivers across the three continents, while salinity levels rose in nearly a third, UNEP said in a report on Tuesday. Population growth, expansion of agriculture and an increased amount of raw sewage released into rivers and lakes were among the main reasons behind the increase of surface water pollution, putting some 323 million people at risk of infection, UNEP said.

Ukraine 'very close' to getting next IMF loan tranche: FinMin

Danylyuk gives interview in KievBy Sabine Siebold BERLIN (Reuters) - The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is very close to releasing a tranche of aid that would unlock around $2 billion in extra money, Finance Minister Oleksandr Danylyuk said on Tuesday. A $17.5 billion bailout program has helped Ukraine pull itself out of two years of economic recession caused by a separatist conflict in its industrial east.

WHO urges shift in STD treatment due to antibiotic resistance

WHO urges shift in STD treatment due to antibiotic resistanceGrowing resistance to antibiotics has complicated efforts to rein in common sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhoea, chlamydia and syphilis, the World Health Organization warned Tuesday as it issued new treatment guidelines. Globally, more than one million people contract a sexually transmitted disease (STD) or infection (STI) every day, WHO said. "Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are major public health problems worldwide, affecting millions of peoples' quality of life, causing serious illness and sometimes death," Ian Askew, head of WHO's reproductive health and research division, said in a statement.

History of gallstones may signal higher risk of heart disease

By Kathryn Doyle (Reuters Health) - People who have had gallstone disease are more likely than others to develop coronary heart disease, according to a large analysis of past studies. Hardened deposits known as gallstones form in the gallbladder when the bile contains too much cholesterol or other abnormal substances, and while the cause is not fully understood, factors like obesity, high-calorie diets and metabolic syndrome are associated with gallstone risk. The same factors increase the risk for coronary heart disease, which kills 370,000 Americans per year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Drug quickly counteracts deadly bleeding in people on blood-thinners

The drug is Portola Pharmaceuticals' AndexXa, known generically as andexanet alfa. Earlier this month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration decided not to approve this so-called reversal agent without more data. The new test, reported on Tuesday at a European Society of Cardiology Congress in Rome and released by the New England Journal of Medicine, offers more evidence.

Asia’s Most Innovative Universities

1-KAIST-korea-advanced-institute-of-science-technology-1China and India have the biggest populations in the Asia-Pacific region, and the economic news coming out of both countries usually dominates world headlines. Out of the top 20 universities, 17 are based in Japan and South Korea. Topping the list as the most innovative university in Asia is KAIST, also known as Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology.

Zika causes deafness in about 6 percent of cases: study

An Aedes aegypti mosquito is seen inside a test tube as part of a research on preventing the spread of the Zika virus and other mosquito-borne diseases at a control and prevention center in Guadalupe, neighbouring MonterreyA study in Brazil of 70 babies whose mothers had confirmed Zika infections found that nearly 6 percent had hearing loss, adding a new complication to the list of ills the virus can cause when women are infected during pregnancy. The Brazilian study, published on Tuesday in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's weekly report on death and disease, confirmed less rigorous reports of deafness among infants born to mothers with Zika infections. The finding is part of an effort to fully characterize the harm caused by the Zika virus during pregnancy.

Singapore confirms Zika spread; some countries issue travel warnings

Airplane passengers walks through feverscan camera system shortly after arriving from Singapore at the Soekarno-Hatta airport in JakartaBy Marius Zaharia SINGAPORE (Reuters) - The number of confirmed cases of Zika virus in Singapore rose to 82 on Tuesday, with some of the latest infections detected beyond the area of the initial outbreak. Several countries advised pregnant women or those trying to conceive to avoid traveling to the city-state. The mosquito-borne Zika virus was detected in Brazil last year and has since spread across the Americas.

Singapore confirms 26 more local transmission Zika cases: media

A worker sprays insecticide along the common areas of a public housing estate in SingaporeSINGAPORE (Reuters) - Singapore confirmed 26 more cases of locally-transmitted Zika infections on Tuesday, bringing the tally to 82, local media reported, citing the health ministry and National Environment Agency. Of these, five cases were detected in parts of Singapore outside the Aljunied area where all the previous cases were found, media reported. The Zika virus was detected in Brazil last year and has since spread across the Americas. It poses a risk to pregnant women because it can cause severe birth defects. (Reporting by Marius Zaharia; Editing by Ian Geoghegan)

U.N. says 10,000 killed in Yemen war, far more than other estimates

U.N. Humanitarian Coordinator Jamie McGoldrick addresses a news conference in Sanaa, YemenBy Mohammed Ghobari SANAA (Reuters) - At least 10,000 people have been killed in Yemen's 18-month-old civil war, the United Nations on Tuesday, approaching double the estimates of more than 6,000 cited by officials and aid workers for much of 2016. The war pits the Iran-allied Houthi group and supporters of former President Ali Abdullah Saleh against President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, who is supported by an alliance of Arab states led by Saudi Arabia. The new toll is based on official information from medical facilities in Yemen, U.N. Humanitarian Coordinator Jamie McGoldrick told a news conference in the capital Sanaa.

A growing problem, child malnutrition costs Philippines $7billion in a year

By Alisa Tang BANGKOK (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Child malnutrition cost the Philippines $7 billion or nearly 3 percent of its GDP in one year in terms of education spending and lost productivity, while hunger-related stunting is on the rise among children, a global aid agency said on Tuesday. A report by Save the Children found that the combined losses, calculated with data from 2013, are more than triple the cost of damage inflicted by 15 natural disasters that hit the Southeast Asian country last year. If you add that up over time - it's an anchor to progress," said Ned Olney, head of Save the Children in the Philippines, by Skype from Manila.

Rigel's bleeding disorder drug clears first of two key trials

(Reuters) - Rigel Pharmaceuticals Inc said its experimental drug to treat a bleeding disorder met its main goal in the first of two late-stage trials, sending its shares up 12 pct in premarket trade. The drug, fostamatinib, is being studied to treat chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in which the immune system attacks and destroys the body's own blood platelets. Patients typically had an increase in platelet counts to a level above 50,000/uL within the initial weeks of treatment.

Kenya close to ending drought crises, says local scientist award winner

By Katy Migiro NAIROBI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Kenya is on its way to breaking the devastating cycle of drought, poverty and hunger over the next decade, a leading scientist said as he was named winner of a prestigious award. Kenyan scientist Andrew Mude won the 2016 Norman Borlaug Award for Field Research and Application on Tuesday for developing livestock insurance, using state-of-the-art technologies, for herders in East Africa's drylands. "I am confident that with insurance and the related complementary services, the boom and bust cycle will come to an end," said Mude, principal economist at the Nairobi-based International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI).

Carmat jumps after first implantation of its bioprosthetic artificial heart

Carmat's shares jumped on Tuesday after the French company announced the first implantation of its bioprosthetic artificial heart in a final-stage clinical trial. Carmat said on Monday the implantation of its bioprosthetic artificial heart was carried out with the approval of the French national agency for safety of medicines and health products and the country's patient protection committee. It added that it would not publish "specific information concerning the implantations of each patient involved in the study or their condition." The company, whose first shareholders included planemaker Airbus and private equity fund Truffle Capital, has not generated any significant revenue but is closely followed by investors as heart diseases represent a leading cause of death worldwide and its devices could represent a major medical breakthrough if proven reliable.

Iran govt says to cover infertility treatment costs

A growing number of clinics in Iran offer in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) -- fertilising a sperm and an egg in a lab -- but a cycle of treatment can cost around $2,000Iran will help couples meet the cost of infertility treatment as the government tackles a growing crisis that has seen millions of couples failing to conceive, the government announced Tuesday. "As of today, all infertile Iranian couples, who number about two million couples, can enjoy the coverage of their expenses," ISNA news agency quoted deputy health minister Mohammad Aghajani as saying. State insurance will cover 85 percent of the costs, he said -- the first time infertility treatments have been covered -- and the government has allocated around $30 million (27 million euros) for the project.

Philippines says China must recognize South China Sea ruling

A Philippine flag flutters from BRP Sierra Madre, a dilapidated Philippine Navy ship that has been aground since 1999 and became a Philippine military detachment on the disputed Second Thomas ShoalChina will be the 'loser' if it does not recognize an international court ruling against its territorial claims in the South China Sea, Philippine Foreign Minister Perfecto Yasay said on Tuesday. An arbitration court in The Hague infuriated China in July when it ruled that China had no historical title over the South China Sea and it had breached the Philippines' sovereign rights. China has ignored the ruling that none of its claims in the disputed Spratly Islands entitled it to a 200-mile (320 km) exclusive economic zone.

Vectura's asthma therapy misses primary endpoint in final stage trial

(Reuters) - Respiratory drug specialist Vectura Group Plc said its asthma therapy Flutiform had not met the primary endpoint in a phase III trial carried out by its European partner Mundipharma. Vectura shares were down 10 percent at 124.8 pence at 0706 GMT. Flutiform had not shown "statistically significant" superiority in reducing the yearly rate of the worsening of moderate and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), when compared to mono-component LABA treatment, Vectura said on Tuesday.

Valeant is sued over Philidor ties, alleged racketeering

A sign for the headquarters of Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc is seen in Laval QuebecValeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc was sued on Monday by buyers of its drugs, who accused the Canadian company of racketeering by forcing them to pay exorbitant prices. The proposed class-action complaint was filed in the U.S. District Court in Manhattan on behalf of unionized New York City police detectives and hotel workers, regarding Valeant's ties to the now defunct specialty pharmacy Philidor RX Services LLC. The plaintiffs accused Valeant of violating the U.S. Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, and seeks compensatory and triple damages for U.S. health plans and others that bought its drugs from January 2013 to October 2015.

WHY IT MATTERS: Health care

FILE - This March 28, 2012 file photo shows Janis Haddon,of Atlanta, holding a glove with a message outside the Supreme Court in Washington as the court concluded three days of hearing arguments on the constitutionality of President Barack Obama's health care overhaul. America’s health care system is unsustainable. It’s not one problem, but three combined: high cost, uneven quality and millions uninsured. Major changes will keep coming. Every family will be affected. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster, File)The issue:

More teens get needed vaccines in ‘blue states’

Dividing states into red and blue based on how they voted in the 2012 presidential elections, researchers found that in that year, adolescents in blue states were significantly more likely to have received three important vaccines recommended for 11 to 12 year olds. “These associations are important because they demonstrate that there are broader forces associated with political affiliation that may influence acceptance of immunizations for adolescent children,” said senior author Linda M. Niccolai of the Yale School of Public Health in New Haven. “The decision to immunize a child does not occur in vacuum and is not as straightforward as simply accepting a preventive medical intervention or not.” Current recommendations include human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, tetanus-diphtheria-acellar pertussis (Tdap) and meningococcal conjugate (MCV4) for boys and girls aged 11 to 12.

Health commissioner: State acted properly on tainted water

HOOSICK FALLS, N.Y. (AP) — New York's health commissioner says federal guidelines on maximum levels of the chemical PFOA in drinking water are intended to trigger action to reduce it, not to warn against drinking the water.

How should you talk to loved ones about their weight?

What are the magic words to use when a loved one's weight is rising dangerously high? Unfortunately, there are none.

Study: These are the peak times for divorce

There's long been evidence that there are certain times of year that are popular for divorce. But passive aggressive Facebook drama isn't exactly quantifiable data, so a new study from the University of Wisconsin has provided some actual numbers to support the trend.

Baby simulators not effective in preventing pregnancy, study says

Baby simulator programs, designed to deter teenage girls from getting pregnant, do not prevent pregnancy. according to a study published in the journal Lancet.

Mediterranean diet may be more helpful than statins

The Mediterranean diet has been credited with doing everything from helping you lose weight to living longer to improving the health of your brain. A new study, looking at its effect on people with poor heart health, shows that the diet may be a huge help for that, too.

Sleep apnea's CPAP machine doesn't cut heart risks, study says

A new study might tempt some sleep apnea patients to unplug their machines. Continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, does not reduce the risk of heart attacks or other cardiovascular emergencies in sleep apnea patients with heart disease, the researchers say.

Autistic boy showered in birthday cards after mother's plea

An autistic boy from Devon has received thousands of birthday cards, gifts and messages from strangers around the world after his mother's online plea went viral.

Apartment complex warns residents about clown trying to lure kids into woods

A South Carolina apartment complex puts out a letter after some kids complained about a clown trying to lure them into the woods.

Recovering heroin addict thanks officer who arrested her

Brianna Byrnes knew she needed help, but she didn't know where to start. Her decade-old heroin addiction had destroyed her relationships and her life.

EpiPen cost soars, and it's not the only drug price hike

A new paper reveals that Americans are spending about 20% more on prescription drugs now compared to just a few years ago.

How to pay less for your prescription drugs, legally

Even a not-so-pricey drug can add up to a nightmare expense when it needs to be refilled every month.

Zika around the world: where do we stand?

As Zika continues to spread around the world, how much have we learned about this mosquito borne virus?

Zika: infant hearing loss should be tested

Any infant exposed to Zika in utero should have their hearing tested, even if they appear normal at birth, says CDC.

A Zika guide to sex and baby making

A guide to protecting you, your sexual partner and unborn babies from the dangers of Zika.

US blood supply should be screened for Zika, FDA says

The Food and Drug Administration has recommended screening the entire US blood supply for the Zika virus, it announced today, noting that screening donated blood is already underway in Florida and Puerto Rico.

Zika hides in vagina, baby's bloodstream

More surprises from the world of Zika research this week: The virus can hide in vaginal tissue and the bloodstream of infected infants much longer than anyone expected, with dangerous consequences.

How to deal with a defiant child

Most parents have struggled with a defiant child, but what they might not realize is that there are steps they can take to eliminate the challenging behavior.

US university hires former Islamic extremist

George Washington University has hired a former Islamic extremist to work at its center on homeland security -- a man who once denounced the United States and made threats against the creators of the TV series "South Park" for depicting the Prophet Muhammad in a bear suit.

Is your doctor making money from tests you don't need? Perhaps, says study

Some doctors may be milking their better-insured patients. When looking at 2013 insurance claims from nearly 1.5 million adults with commercial insurance, researchers found that just under 8% of people had received "low-value services," with the research defined as providing little value to patients, given all the costs and alternatives.

From outer space to migrant boats: a shining example of science

NASA technology is behind space blankets used to protect marathon runners, earthquake victims and now, the migrants and refugees heading to Europe.

Many adults with depression aren't treated, study says

A new paper suggests that only about 28% of adults who screen positive for depression actually receive treatment.

Boy, 7, starts campaign to replace fallen K9

Seven-year-old Ethan Engum is helping police in Green Bay, Wisconsin, cope with the loss of a beloved member of their team.

Why some are stealing medications from their pets

Some of us may be sharing a little too much with our pets and it can be dangerous.

Why do people sext?

Why do people sext? Why do they send racy or naked photos or videos and sexually loaded texts?

Why don't young people like bar soap? They think it's gross, apparently

Let's fight about soap. What's there to discuss, you ask? Plenty, if new consumer research is to be believed.

Obesity-cancer link reaffirmed

There may be plenty of room for debate about whether some aspects of everyday life cause cancer -- whether it's drinking too much coffee, eating too much sugar or talking too much on a cell phone.

Mom: "Drug policy is the reason people are dying"

In March, Louise Vincent's 19-year-old daughter died of a heroin overdose. But it's not the drug she blames for her daughter's death -- it's drug policy.

Group braves danger delivering health care to rural Kenya

The eastern coast of Kenya is riddled with danger. Once a sought-after tourist destination, today people are being warned to stay away because of threats by Islamist terror group Al-Shabaab. Others are fleeing the area for good.

Prince's death and the growing fear of the 'kill pill'

They might as well be playing Russian Roulette.

'Blue family' steps up for son of fallen cop on first day of school

This 4-year-old boy lost his police officer father two weeks ago. So fellow officers made sure he wasn't alone on his first day of school.

Polio countdown

There has not been a polio case in Africa for two years - after another year, the continent will be declared free of the disease, writes BBC Africa Health correspondent Anne Soy.

Brazilian butt lift

After the pioneer of the derriere-enhancing cosmetic procedure dies, we take a look at his legacy.

Parental guidance

Jamie Oliver and his wife Jools announced the birth of their fifth child over social media. But along with the pictures of the little bundle came the news that their two eldest daughters were there to watch their mum give birth.

Question of time

The BBC's Tulip Mazumdar returns to Sierra Leone to meet Ebola survivors and look at how well the country is equipped to handle future health crises.

Life at two speeds

Kidulthood star Adam Deacon describes how he is learning to live with bipolar disorder, and takes advice from Stephen Fry.

Key unanswered questions

What we still don't know about the Zika virus and microcephaly.

What you need to know

An alarming and disturbing infection linked to thousands of babies being born with underdeveloped brains is spreading through the Americas.

'The worst day of my life'

The threat of the Zika virus has now become international, but the alarm was raised in Brazil last year when a growing number of cases of microcephaly began to emerge.

The mosquito menace

Why the mosquito that spreads the Zika virus is flourishing in the urban environment.

EpiPen maker to sell cheaper generic version

The maker of the EpiPen allergy drug will start selling a generic version in the wake of criticism about steep price increases.

HIV effort let down by test shortages, says WHO

A shortage of HIV testing could undermine global efforts to diagnose and treat people with the infection, warn experts from the World Health Organization.

Could mouthwash combat gonorrhoea?

Gargling with simple mouthwash might be a way to halt the spread of gonorrhoea, researchers believe.

'Bagpipe lung' warning for wind musicians

Trumpeters, saxophonists and pipers beware - playing a wind instrument could damage your lungs, say doctors.

Smallpox eradication 'giant' Donald Henderson dies at 87

US doctor Donald Henderson, who led a successful campaign to wipe out smallpox worldwide, has died at the age of 87.

Greece bans blood donations in 12 districts over malaria - reports

Twelve districts of Greece have banned blood donations because of malaria, with four out of 65 recent cases contracted inside Greece, Greek media report.

Pfizer to buy cancer drug firm Medivation for $14bn

US pharmaceutical giant Pfizer confirms it will buy a cancer drug firm Medivation for about $14bn (£10.7bn).

Antrim Area Hospital: Man says human rights 'violated' by DNR order

A County Antrim man who was unaware that a "do not resuscitate" (DNR) order had been placed on his medical file says he feels his human rights have been violated.

Parkinson's could potentially be detected by an eye test

Researchers say they have discovered a new experimental method of observing changes in the eye, which could detect Parkinson's disease before symptoms develop.

Zika found to remain in sperm for record six months

Zika virus is found in the sperm of an Italian man six months after his first symptoms, twice as long as in previously reported cases.

Nigeria to start emergency polio campaign

Five million Nigerian children are due to be vaccinated against polio after the first new cases for two years, the government says.

Zika linked to baby joint deformities

Zika infection during pregnancy may cause limb joint deformities in the baby, experts now fear.

Yemen conflict: Air strike hits MSF hospital in Hajjah

An air strike hits a hospital run by Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) in northern Yemen, killing at least 11 people, the medical charity says.

Easy access to online porn is 'damaging' men's health, says NHS therapist

An NHS sex therapist is warning about a surge in the number of young men suffering sexual health problems because of online pornography.

Autism in girls and women 'undiagnosed'

Millie is 14, and was diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome two years ago - a condition that often goes undiagnosed in women and girls.

'I didn't know drinking would harm my child'

South Africa has the highest reported rate of babies born with foetal alcohol syndrome - Nomsa Maseko reports from the Western Cape.

'I was given paracetamol after heart attack'

Lisa Price shares her account of when she was misdiagnosed after her heart attack.

How a pig transformed my autistic son's life

A mother has told BBC 5 live Daily's Adrian Chiles how a pet pig transformed their autistic son's life.

Debunking Zambia's prostate cancer myths

The lone Zambian voice trying to trying to raise awareness about the dangers of prostate cancer.

Transplant patient: 'My third face'

Patrick Hardison, the volunteer fireman who underwent the world's most extensive face transplant, on his new-found hope.

'Bagpipe lung' warning for wind musicians

Doctors are warning musicians to clean the inside of their wind or brass instruments regularly, to protect them from a fatal condition that's being called "bagpipe lung."

Life as an obstetrician in a war zone

In a video diary for the BBC, an Aleppo obstetrician performs an emergency caesarean section during one of the city's many power blackouts.

Golfers have unusual hips, study suggests

Professional golfers are likely to have oddly shaped hip joints, researchers have discovered.

Viruses 'more dangerous in the morning'

Viruses are more dangerous when they infect their victims in the morning, a University of Cambridge study suggests.

Health Check: Treating medical emergencies in space

A major medical emergency has never occurred on the International Space Station - but what would happen if it did?

The pigeon doctor will see you now

Rats, dogs and cows are just some of the animals that are advancing the diagnosis and treatment of disease in humans.

The twists and turns of naming diseases

For centuries diseases have been named after people and places - but do these names honour or offend?

Potent pills

With ecstasy, or MDMA, being bought more freely on the dark net, the drug is growing in popularity - and in strength.

Living in fear

Argentina is one of the world's largest exporters of genetically-modified soya. It's big business, but some local residents fear herbicides used by the industry could be making them sick.

Pregnant in Florida

The threat of Zika in the US has been known about for months. One pregnant women in Florida thinks more should have been done to tackle it.

Scared and pregnant

Guinea is now free of Ebola but pregnant women are still afraid of the virus and are avoiding hospital, writes the BBC's Tamasin Ford.

Zika virus: Singapore confirms 41 locally transmitted cases

Singapore has confirmed 41 cases of the Zika virus in people who had not travelled to Zika-affected areas, meaning the virus has spread locally.

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