Health News
12/3/2016

Miami Now Free of Locally Transmitted Zika Virus, CDC Says


Miami Now Free of Locally Transmitted Zika Virus, CDC SaysFlorida health officials have announced continued progress in the fight against the Zika virus after a Miami neighborhood was declared free of ongoing Zika transmission today. The Little River area of Miami is now free of active Zika transmission after no new cases were reported in the last 45 days, officials from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said today. It was the last area in Miami to have ongoing locally transmitted Zika virus.



Stephen Hawking hospitalised in Rome for checks


Physicist Stephen Hawking sits on stage during an announcement of the Breakthrough Starshot initiative with investor Yuri Milner in New YorkBritish physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking has been hospitalised in Rome for checks after not feeling well but his condition is not believed to be serious, a spokesman said. Hawking, 74, who was in Rome to attend a conference at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and met Pope Francis on Monday, was taken to Rome's Gemelli hospital on Thursday night. Both the spokesman and a Vatican source said Hawking, who suffers from motor neurone disease, was not believed to be in serious condition.



Supreme Court takes up hospital pension dispute


WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court will decide whether some of the nation's largest health providers can rely on their church affiliations to avoid complying with federal laws covering pension benefits for workers.

Bird flu returns to France's southwest foie gras heartland


France confirmed on Friday an outbreak of severe bird flu on a duck farm in the southwest and said the virus was spreading in the region, in a setback for French poultry and foie gras producers recovering from a bird flu epidemic a year ago. The H5N8 avian influenza virus was confirmed at a farm in the Tarn administrative department, the agriculture ministry said, days after the virus was detected among wild birds in northern France and following outbreaks in Europe linked to migrating birds. A series of cases of H5N8 and other bird flu strains in Europe in recent weeks has led to slaughtering of poultry on some farms and preventative measures such as keeping commercial flocks indoors.

Senate GOP shies from fight over Medicare


FILE - In this June 7, 2016, file photo, Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington. Congressional Democrats are warning that Speaker Paul Ryan and President-elect Donald Trump are gunning for Medicare _ and they are rubbing their hands in glee at the prospect of an epic political battle over the government’s flagship health program that covers 57 million Americans. It turns out that Republicans, especially in the Senate, are not spoiling for a fight. “We are not inclined to lead with our chin,” said Cornyn of Texas. “And right now, we’ve got a lot on our plate.” (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)WASHINGTON (AP) — Congressional Democrats are warning that Speaker Paul Ryan and President-elect Donald Trump are gunning for Medicare — and they are rubbing their hands with glee at the prospect of an epic political battle over the government's flagship health program that covers 57 million Americans.



Drug for one hepatitis type may activate another: watchdog


Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most often caused by a virus but sometimes by drug or alcohol abuse, other infections, or autoimmune diseasesDrugs against one type of hepatitis may activate another, sometimes with fatal consequences, Europe's medicines watchdog warned on Friday. The medicines, which are highly effective against hepatitis C, may trigger latent hepatitis B in patients infected with both types, the European Medicines Agency said in a statement. It named the antivirals Daklinza, Exviera, Harvoni, Olysio, Sovaldi and Viekirax used to treat chronic hepatitis C, an infectious liver disease.



Germany detects H5N1 bird flu on poultry farm in Brandenburg


Germany reported a first case of the contagious bird flu strain H5N1 on Friday on a small poultry farm in the northeastern state of Brandenburg, the state's consumer protection ministry said. The farm in the Oberhavel district was sealed off and some 500 chicks, ducks and geese were culled, a spokeswoman for the consumer protection ministry of Brandenburg said. "It's the first time in the current season that this type of bird flu was detected on a poultry farm in Brandenburg," the spokeswoman said.

U.N.: South Sudan conflict spawns horrific sexual violence


By Katharine Houreld NAIROBI (Reuters) - South Sudanese soldiers brutally raped an elderly woman and a pregnant woman lost her baby after being gang-raped by seven soldiers, according to United Nations investigators. The U.N. human rights investigators presented the testimonies on Friday, saying increasingly brutal attacks on women are an integral part of spreading ethnic cleansing. "The scale of gang rape of civilian women as well as the horrendous nature of the rapes by armed men belonging to all groups is utterly repugnant," said the chairwoman of the U.N. independent commission on human rights, Yasmin Sooka.

Egyptian man grows 'Beard of Bees', hopes to promote apian benefits


Mohamed Hagras, 31, performs the "Beard of Bee" before the upcoming Egyptian Agricultural Carnival of Beekeeping in his farm at Shebin El Kom city in the province of Al- Al-Monofyia, northeast of CairoBy Amr Abdallah Dalsh SHIBIN EL KOM, Egypt (Reuters) - Mohamed Hagras stands barechested as dozens of honeybees congregate around his face, eventually forming what he calls the "Beard of Bees". "The goal is to show that bees are not aggressive," he told Reuters at his farm in Shibin El Kom, the capital of the Nile Delta province of Menoufia. "One the contrary, they are helpful and produce things that help humans and agriculture." Hagras extracts hormones from queen bees after they die and uses them to attract bees from the same hive to perform his show.



Medicare recipients with cancer face financial distress


By Carolyn Crist (Reuters Health) - Older cancer patients in the U.S. often face high out-of-pocket costs that are a significant financial burden, according to a new study. Medicare, the federal health insurance program for the elderly and disabled, establishes the fees doctors and hospitals are allowed to charge Medicare patients – but then generally only pays 80 percent of those fees. Many people enroll in Medicare HMOs, or they buy so-called Medicare supplemental policies, to help cover the gap.

EU health regulator warns some hep C drugs could reactivate hep B


(Reuters) - The European Medicines Agency warned on Friday that some of the most successful hepatitis C treatments on the market could reactivate hepatitis B in patients, the second time this year it has raised safety concerns over these treatments. The Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee (PRAC), part of the EMA, said it suspected the reactivation of the hepatitis B virus was due to the rapid reduction of the hepatitis C virus, which is known to suppress the hepatitis B virus.

Ford recalls 680,000 vehicles including Fusion, MKZ


Ford logo is pictured at a car dealership in Monterrey(Reuters) - Ford Motor Co said on Friday it will recall about 680,000 of its Ford Fusion and Lincoln MKZ sedans to fix a seat belt issue. About 602,000 of the vehicles recalled are in the U.S. market and about 650,000 of them are in North America as a whole. A small amount of Ford Mondeo sedans are also being recalled, but none of them are in North America.



Pro-EU party wins parliament seat in Brexit 'shockwave'


Liberal Democrats party leader Tim Farron speaks to the media after Sarah Olney's victory in the Richmond Park by-election, in LondonBy Sarah Young and Kylie MacLellan LONDON (Reuters) - Britain's pro-European Union Liberal Democrats won a parliamentary seat previously held by the ruling Conservatives on Friday and said the surprise win was a rejection of a "hard Brexit" that would pull Britain out of the EU's single market. It also underscored the risks faced by Prime Minister Theresa May as she plots Britain's EU divorce. May spooked markets in October by suggesting she would take a hard line on Brexit by prioritizing border controls, but her government has shown signs of softening its stance since then.



Lib Dems wins parliament seat in Brexit 'shockwave'


Liberal Democrats winner of the Richmond Park by-election, Sarah Olney, celebrates her victory in LondonBy Sarah Young and Kylie MacLellan LONDON (Reuters) - Britain's pro-European Union Liberal Democrats won a parliamentary seat previously held by the ruling Conservatives on Friday and said the surprise win was a rejection of a "hard Brexit" that would pull Britain out of the EU's single market. It also underscored the risks faced by Prime Minister Theresa May as she plots Britain's EU divorce. May spooked markets in October by suggesting she would take a hard line on Brexit by prioritising border controls, but her government has shown signs of softening its stance since then.



Amgen, Allergan apply for European nod for Avastin biosimilar


An Amgen sign is seen at the company's office in South San Francisco(Reuters) - Amgen Inc and Allergan Plc said they have submitted an application to the European health regulator seeking approval of their biosimilar version of Roche Holding AG's blockbuster cancer treatment, Avastin. The submission is based on the results of a late-stage study that showed Amgen and Allergan's ABP 215 was as safety and effective as Avastin in patients with the most common form of lung cancer. Avastin is also approved for use by patients with cancer of the colon, kidney, ovarian and breast.



Pence: Trump will focus fast on tax, healthcare, immigration: WSJ


Donald Trump holds "USA Thank You Tour 2016" rally in Cincinnati, Ohio.(Reuters) - The Trump administration plans to move quickly on its goals to overhaul taxation, healthcare and immigration laws, Vice President-elect Mike Pence said in an interview published by the Wall Street Journal on Friday. President-elect Donald Trump, who takes office on Jan. 20, is preparing 100-day and 200-day plans aimed at fulfilling his campaign promises and stimulating economic growth, Pence said. The administration’s first priorities would include curbing illegal immigration, abolishing and replacing Obama’s signature healthcare program, nominating someone to fill a vacancy on the Supreme Court and strengthening the military, he told the newspaper.



U.N. doubles humanitarian appeal for northeastern Nigeria to $1 billion


By Abraham Terngu ABUJA (Reuters) - The United Nations has doubled its humanitarian funding appeal for northeast Nigeria to $1 billion in 2017 in a bid to reach nearly 7 million people hit by the Islamist militant Boko Haram insurgency who need life-saving help, it said on Friday. Nigerian military forces backed by troops from neighboring states have, in the past few months, pushed Boko Haram out of areas they previously controlled, revealing thousands of people living in famine-like conditions. The United Nations has said some 75,000 children are at risk of starving to death in the region over the next few months if they do not receive humanitarian assistance.

Footballer Drogba's charity cleared of fraud but may have misled donors: UK watchdog


By Kieran Guilbert DAKAR (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A charity set up by Ivorian football star Didier Drogba to help children in West Africa has been cleared of fraud and corruption but may have "misled" donors, Britain's charity watchdog said on Friday. The Charity Commission launched an investigation in April after Britain's Daily Mail newspaper said less than one percent of 1.7 million pounds ($2 million) donated to the Didier Drogba Foundation was spent on children in Ivory Coast.

Court bars S.African "Prophet of Doom" from spraying congregants with insecticide


A South African pastor who sprays his congregants with insecticide to supposedly cure their ailments has been ordered to desist by health authorities pending a court appearance in Limpopo state next month. Dubbed the "Prophet of Doom" by local media after images circulated of Lethebo Rabalago using Doom, a popular aerosol insecticide, on members of his church, he has said his methods are harmless and help followers recover from illnesses. Rabalago was quoted by local media Eyewitness News as saying that God can use mud, saliva, or "even poisonous things to deliver people." Derick Kganyago, a spokesman for Limpopo's department of health, said the regional government had obtained a court order against Rabalogo "until he appears in court in January.

Contenders, picks for key jobs in Trump's administration


(Reuters) - U.S. President-elect Donald Trump said on Thursday he would nominate retired Marine Corps General James Mattis for defense secretary, the latest of about a dozen picks he has announced for high-level positions since winning the Nov. 8 presidential election. Below are people mentioned as contenders for senior roles as Trump works to form his administration before taking office on Jan. 20, according to Reuters sources and media reports. See the end of list for posts already filled. ...

Medical device maker Teleflex to buy Vascular Solutions for $1 billion


(Reuters) - Teleflex Inc said on Friday it agreed to buy fellow medical device maker Vascular Solutions Inc for about $1 billion. Teleflex's offer of $56 per Vascular share in cash represents a premium of 1.6 percent to the stock's Thursday close. The deal comes about 10 months after Vascular Solutions and its founder CEO, Howard Root, were found not guilty in a criminal prosecution related to alleged "off-label" promotion of its varicose veins treatment, Vari-Lase Short Kit.

Ex-drug executive Shkreli congratulates Australian students


A group of chemistry students stand together in their school lab with the equipment they use to make the compound of an anti-parasitic medicine used to treat malaria called Daraprim, at Sydney Grammar School in Sydney(Reuters) - Former pharmaceutical executive Martin Shkreli has congratulated a group of Australian students who reproduced the active ingredient for a life-saving, anti-parasitic drug at the center of a drug-price controversy involving his former company. The students from Sydney Grammar School drew global media attention this week after they said they had produced the drug Daraprim for about $2 a dose, a fraction of the current list price of $750 per dose. Shkreli is a former chief executive of Turing Pharmaceuticals, where he sparked outrage among patients and U.S. lawmakers for raising the price of Daraprim by more than 5,000 percent.



Egypt accepts six bids for oil and gas exploration


Egypt has accepted six bids for oil and gas exploration worth a total investment of up to $200 million, the Ministry of Petroleum said on Friday. In May, the General Authority for Petroleum announced an international tender for 11 oil and natural gas blocks in the western desert and Gulf of Suez at a time when Egypt aspires to increase its oil and gas production to meet the growing domestic demand for energy. Royal Dutch Shell, BP, Apache Corp and Apex are among the companies that won bids, the ministry said in a statement.

Russia's Krasnodar region restricts movement of live pigs over swine fever


Russia's southern Krasnodar region has imposed restrictions on the movement of live pigs, setting up police checkpoints in a bid to stop the spread of African Swine Fever (ASF), the regional agriculture ministry said on Friday. There were 10 outbreaks of ASF, a highly contagious fever among pigs, in Krasnodar last month, according to Russia's agriculture safety watchdog Rosselkhoznadzor which proposed on Thursday to quarantine the entire region.

"Unprecedented" numbers face severe hunger in South Sudan - U.N


UN peacekeepers control South Sudanese women and children before the distribution of emergency food supplies at the United Nations protection of civilians site 3 hosting about 30,000 people displaced during the recent fighting in Juba, South SudanSome 3.6 million people in South Sudan face severe food shortages - the highest levels ever experienced at harvest time - and the crisis is likely to worsen when food from the current harvest runs out next year, the World Food Programme (WFP) said. The country's hunger levels have doubled since last year, the U.N. agency said in a report released on Friday. Nearly 60 percent of the population of Northern Bahr el Ghazal state is affected, 56 percent in Unity, and 47 percent in Western Bahr el Ghazal.



Kerr tells Comcast SportsNet Bay Area he smoked pot for pain


FILE - In this Oct. 25, 2016, file photo, Golden State Warriors coach Steve Kerr reacts during the team's NBA basketball game against the San Antonio Spurs in Oakland, Calif. Kerr, the reigning NBA Coach of the Year, acknowledged he tried marijuana twice in the past 18 months while dealing with debilitating back pain. Kerr told Comcast SportsNet Bay Area's Warriors Insider Podcast with Monte Poole on Friday, Dec. 2, that he used medicinal marijuana but it didn't help. (AP Photo/Ben Margot, File)OAKLAND, Calif. (AP) — Steve Kerr, the reigning NBA Coach of the Year with the Golden State Warriors, acknowledged he tried marijuana twice in the past 18 months while dealing with debilitating back pain.



New bird flu outbreak hits French foie gras exporters


The H5N8 variant of bird flu, which also hit duck farmers in the Netherlands last month, is highly infectious for poultry but poses little danger to humansA new outbreak of bird flu hit France's foie gras producers just as a ban on exports outside Europe was about to be lifted in time for the crucial holiday period. The agriculture ministry said the outbreak of the "highly pathogenic" H5N8 strain of the virus was detected Thursday on a duck farm in the southwestern Tarn region, the heart of the lucrative, though controversial, foie gras industry. Exports outside the European Union had been suspended after an outbreak a year ago, and producers were waiting for the green light -- which had been set for Saturday -- to resume shipments just in time for the Christmas holidays, when the delicacy is especially popular.



Trump moves to quickly fill his top Cabinet ranks


U.S. President-elect Donald Trump speaks at a rally as part of their "USA Thank You Tour 2016" in CincinnatiBy Emily Stephenson NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. President-elect Donald Trump said he expected to have most members of his Cabinet announced next week, interviewing more candidates at Trump Tower for top jobs in his administration as he prepares to take office on Jan. 20. Trump is still weighing who to choose as secretary of state. The Republican president-elect said on Thursday he had chosen retired Marine Corps General James Mattis as defense secretary and would make a formal announcement on that on Monday.



New data on risk vs benefit for potent CAR-T cancer drugs


A promising but risky new group of customized cancer drugs will be in focus this weekend at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH), where clinical trial results will help clarify their potential for doctors and investors. Experimental chimeric antigen receptor T-cells, or CAR-Ts, are made by genetically altering a patients' own T-cells in the lab to help the immune system find and kill cancer cells. Early excitement over the drugs has propelled investor interest in biotech Kite Pharma Inc, whose shares have tripled since a 2014 initial public offering, as well as rival Juno Therapeutics Inc, whose therapy JCAR015 has generated concerns after five leukemia patients died due to severe brain swelling.

U.S. pushes to close lead testing gaps, echoing Reuters report


By Joshua Schneyer and M.B. Pell NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. states must do more to ensure that all children enrolled in the Medicaid health care program are tested for lead poisoning, a U.S. Government agency said this week, acknowledging major gaps in screening that were highlighted in a recent Reuters investigation. In a bulletin published on Wednesday, the U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) directed states to comply with requirements to test all Medicaid-enrolled children for lead at ages one and two. It also cited steps that state Medicaid administrators should take to ensure children do not miss the tests.

Wal-Mart to settle U.S. lawsuit over benefits for same-sex spouses


Shopping carts are seen outside a new Wal-Mart Express store in ChicagoWal-Mart and lawyers for Jacqueline Cote, the worker who filed the 2015 lawsuit in federal court in Boston, said in a court filing that the money may be split among more than 1,000 people who were denied spousal benefits between 2011 and 2014, when Wal-Mart changed its policy. Sally Welborn, a senior vice president at Bentonville, Arkansas-based Wal-Mart, said in a statement that diversity and inclusion were among the company's core values. "We will continue to not distinguish between same and opposite sex spouses when it comes to the benefits we offer under our health insurance plan," she said.



Higher blood clot risk after starting testosterone treatment


By Lisa Rapaport (Reuters Health) - - Men may have an increased risk of blood clots after they start taking testosterone to treat sexual dysfunction, a recent study suggests. In the first six months after starting testosterone, men have a 63 percent higher risk of clots in the legs and lungs than they did before beginning treatment, the study found. While the absolute risk of a clot, known as a venous thromboembolism, is low and diminishes over time, men should still discuss it with their doctors, said lead study author Dr. Carlos Martinez of the Institute for Epidemiology, Statistics and Informatics GmbH in Frankfurt, Germany.

Heavy teenage drinking linked to abnormal brain development


By Madeline Kennedy (Reuters Health) – - Teens who drink heavily are more likely than their peers to have less gray matter, an important brain structure that aids in memory, decisions, and self-control, according to a Finnish study. The study was observational, so it is impossible to say whether heavy drinking caused this stunted brain development. “Substance use has been found to be connected to social exclusion, mental health problems and lower educational attainment,” said lead author Noora Heikkinen of the University of Eastern Finland.

U.S. health spending in 2015 rose at fastest rate since 2007


Exterior of view of the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles where singer Kanye West has reportedly been hospitalized, California U.S.Growth rose 5.8 percent to $3.2 trillion, or $9,990 per person, according to federal data published in the independent journal Health Affairs and compiled into a report by officials with the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. After five years of historically low growth between 2009 and 2013, spending picked up in 2014 and 2015 as the Affordable Care Act - sometimes referred to as Obamacare - expanded health insurance coverage through marketplace insurance plans and Medicaid, the report said. Over the two-year period between 2013 and 2015 the number of people with private health insurance rose 2.5 percent on average to 9.7 million.



Driving home from night shift may be safer with light therapy


By Lisa Rapaport (Reuters Health) - - Exhausted shift workers may be safer driving home at night when they're exposed to bright light before they hit the road, a small study suggests. To test the effect of light therapy on driving, researchers did a series of three experiments with 19 adults. In two scenarios, participants spent a night being sleep-deprived in a lab and then spent 45 minutes in dim or bright light before a driving test.

US health care tab hits $3.2T; fastest growth in 8 years


Chart shows health spending figures; 2c x 4 inches; 96.3 mm x 101 mm;WASHINGTON (AP) — The nation's health care tab grew at the fastest rate in eight years in 2015, driven by the coverage expansion in President Barack Obama's law and by costly prescription drugs, the government said Friday.



FDA lets Lilly cite Jardiance heart data, shares jump


U.S regulators said on Friday they would allow Eli Lilly and Co to state that its diabetes drug Jardiance reduces risk of death from heart problems, lifting company shares almost 3 percent and potentially giving a strong boost to the drug's future sales. Jardiance, a once-daily pill also known as empagliflozin, was approved by the FDA in 2014 to help lower blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. Lilly sells the drug in partnership with privately held German drugmaker Boehringer Ingelheim.

Factbox: Contenders, picks for key jobs in Trump's administration


(Reuters) - U.S. President-elect Donald Trump said in an interview aired on Friday that he expected to have most members of his Cabinet announced next week. Trump takes office on Jan. 20. Below are people mentioned as contenders for senior roles as Trump works to form his administration before taking office on Jan. 20, according to Reuters sources and media reports. See the end of list for posts already filled. ...

Trump creates business advisory council stacked with CEOs


Blackstone CEO Stephen Schwarzman speaks during an interview at Schwarzman College of Tsinghua University in BeijingBy Ginger Gibson and Roberta Rampton WASHINGTON (Reuters) - President-elect Donald Trump announced the formation of a council to advise him on job creation, a group comprised of the leaders of a variety of major U.S. corporations including GE, GM, Boeing, Disney and IBM. Stephen Schwarzman, chief executive officer of major investment firm Blackstone Group LP, will chair the council. ...



Supreme Court takes Christian-affiliated hospital pension case


File photo of the U.S. Supreme Court is seen in WashingtonNew Jersey-based St. Peter's Healthcare System, Illinois-based Advocate Health System and California-based Dignity Health each appealed separate federal appeals courts rulings that refused to throw out the employee lawsuits. The justices agreed to hear all three cases.



Obamacare: What should stay, and what should go?


Calling it "a fraud," "horrible" and "a disaster," President-elect Donald Trump said that rolling back Obamacare and replacing it with a "much less expensive" alternative is top priority for his administration.

Cat yoga: The mewest exercise trend


Lined up one by one behind a glass door, tiny black fuzzy heads peer out at a forbidden Nirvana. They stare at a privilege only the older and wiser among them get to experience.

VA dental patients possibly exposed to HIV, hepatitis


Nearly 600 patients who received dental care at a Wisconsin Veterans Affairs medical center may have been exposed to HIV, hepatitis B and C and now face an anxious wait to find out if they were infected.

Johnson & Johnson ordered to pay $1 billion settlement


A federal jury in Dallas has ordered Johnson & Johnson and its subsidiary DePuy Orthopaedics to pay more than $1 billion to a group of plaintiffs over artificial hip replacements.

UN apologizes for Haiti cholera spread in plan to eradicate disease


The United Nations did not do enough to prevent the spread of cholera epidemic in Haiti that killed at least 10,000 people after the 2010 earthquake, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said Thursday, in what many saw as an overdue apology.

Is golf exercise?



Do you exercise like a president?


President-elect Donald Trump plays golf -- but doesn't do much else -- for exercise. Just how active were America's former presidents? Here's a look at the history of presidential fitness, dating back to the Founding Fathers.

The president's diet and what it says about America


Thomas Jefferson may have been America's first foodie. The Founding Father developed a taste for French cuisine, grew a vast vegetable garden and cherished a farm-to-table diet.

Swimming, aerobics, racquet sports slash risk of death, study says


Doctors often recommend daily physical activity, but does exercise actually help us live longer? And are certain sports healthier than others? A new study suggests that exercise can slash your risk of death by 28%, and certain activities may be even more beneficial.

Taco Bell's menu, as selected by a nutritionist



Burger King's menu, as selected by a nutritionist


If you like burgers, hot dogs and crispy chicken, you're in luck if you take a trip to Burger King. But if you are the least bit nutrition-conscious, it's slim pickings when it comes to deciding what to eat at the popular fast food chain.

What the sex robots will teach us


In HBO's series "Westworld," humans pay for sex with robots in an anything-goes Wild West-inspired theme park. In the movie "Her," a man falls in love with his Siri-like operating system. And in AMC's show "Humans," a husband has an affair with his pretty robotic assistant.

Sandy Hook PSA warns of subtle signs of gun violence


Evan finally bumped into the girl he'd been searching for over the entire school year. They had been leaving each other notes on a desk, neither knowing the identity of their mysterious pen pal. But the much-awaited encounter was cut short when a single gunman appeared behind them at the school's gym entrance.

Boy with brain tumor helps dad cope with pain


In June, a young boy named Gabe received life-saving brain surgery. But he felt self-conscious about the horseshoe-shaped scar that was left behind.

Bullying is a 'serious public health problem,' experts say


The tragic death of 18-year-old Brandy Vela is bringing the potential dangers of cyberbullying back into focus. It's another reminder of what experts say is a public health problem facing young people.

Teenager with rare genetic disorder shoots and scores


Tristan Willmott is not your typical high school basketball standout. At 3'5", it's not the sophomore's ball-handling skills that make him sparkle, it's his height.

Hypochondriacs more likely to have health problems, study says


A complicated part of being human: living with the knowledge of your own impending death. So it's somewhat understandable if your mind might have wandered into worst-case-scenario mode that time you had a bad bout of the flu, or thought a weird twinge in your finger was the beginnings of a medical emergency. (Dr. Google certainly doesn't help.)

Life as a teen born with HIV


For 22-year-old Sabelo Chonco, his years as a teenager weren't quite the same as those of the people around him.

Monogamous male couples must be mindful of HIV


In a relationship there are myriad issues to manage. Who walks the dog? Does his mother like me? Whom are we supporting to win RuPaul's "Drag Race All Stars 2"?

Being a 'superhero': HIV vaccine volunteers


Every day Luyanda Ngcobo's routine is the same: It starts with a trip to the back cupboard, where, safely hidden away is a bottle of nevirapine, an anti-retroviral (ARV) pill he has to take twice a day for the rest of his life.

'Pharma Bro' Martin Shkreli meets his match in a group of Australian schoolboys


Inspired by outrage over Turing Pharmaceuticals' decision to hike the price of a lifesaving drug, eight Sydney schoolboys recreated it for just $20 a pill.

'Magic mushroom' drug lifted 'cloud of doom' for cancer patients


A single dose of psilocybin, a compound found in mind-altering magic mushrooms, can significantly reduce anxiety and depression in cancer patients, two new studies suggest.

Back to the beginning: The sweat lodge ceremony, as intended


Smoke curls toward the sky as the sitting elder lifts the sacred pipe, lowers it to the ground and moves it around him. He's recognizing the Creator, honoring Mother Earth and calling on spirits to lend support.

Medical marijuana gives fleeing family new hope


Medical marijuana and new hope for Abby

Raising media-savvy kids in an era of fake news


This just in! Breaking news! You don't want to miss THIS!

Doctor searching for rare ALS reversals


The multicolored Madras jacket is the first thing you notice about Dr. Rick Bedlack, director of Duke University's ALS Clinic. His fashion sense is by design.

Family flees Florida to save daughter's life


Kim and Rich Muszynski love the Sunshine State, but they said they had to leave because of struggles with health insurance.

What religious thoughts do to your brain


A new MRI study involving devout Mormons shows how religious and spiritual experiences can activate reward systems in the brain.

Oldest living person credits raw eggs, independence


The oldest living person in the world, Italian woman Emma Morano, credits her longevity to a diet of raw eggs and ending her abusive marriage long before divorce was even legal.

Harassment in schools skyrockets after election, teachers report


In the days following Donald Trump's presidential victory, students in Kansas chanted, "Trump won, you're going back to Mexico," to students from other countries, according to a high school teacher in a suburban community within the state.

'Thunderstorm asthma' deaths in Melbourne rise to eight


The number of people in Melbourne dying from the rare phenomenon thunderstorm asthma rises to eight.

Lung cancer cells spread like unanchored tents, study says


Scientists discover that spreading lung cancer cells are like collapsed tents adrift in the wind.

'Record number' of prison suicides in England and Wales


A charity says there have been 102 suicides so far this year - the highest since its records began.

Bumper load of new viruses identified


Scientists looking into invertebrate animals discover nearly 1,500 new viruses - the largest number documented in any one study.

Scurvy makes surprise return in Australia


Doctors in Australia report a resurgence in the disease historically associated with sea explorers.

Prince Harry and Rihanna get HIV tests in Barbados


Prince Harry and Rihanna have taken HIV tests together in Barbados to raise awareness on World Aids Day.

'I'm called a slut for being openly HIV+'


Tom Hayes discusses how there is still a stigma on HIV-infected people

How did World Aids Day come about?


In 1988 around 140 countries took part in the first World Aids Day to raise awareness of the epidemic

What happens when someone calls 999


BBC Scotland follows a 999 call from the moment it is received by health service call handlers.

'She suddenly stopped eating'


The ITN newsreader talks about struggling to get the right care.

Are trampoline parks safe enough?


A group of organisations, including the governing body of gymnastics, want trampoline parks to adhere to a set of safety guidelines.

A father and son talk about their experience battling OCD


Richard has suffered from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder since he was a teenager. He and his father have been talking about their lives.

'Teachers worried my self-harm was contagious'


Emma, who has bipolar disorder, describes how her friends and teachers treated her

Infants' brains attuned to baby talk and nursery rhymes


New research indicates that for brain connections to be properly formed in babies' brains, they need to feel safe, secure and loved.

Predatory bacteria can wipe out superbugs, says study


Bacteria which eat others of their kind could be a new weapon in the fight against superbugs.

Meet Jason


Ten-year-old Jason explains how he does not feel like the gender he was assigned at birth.

Kissing and toothbrushes


Myths about risks linked to HIV from the 1980s still endure, say the Terrence Higgins Trust.

'I worried it might explode'


An increasing number of British people are opting for cosmetic procedures - but how safe are they in such an unregulated industry?

Excommunicated over HIV


Princess Kasune is one of Zambia's most outspoken Aids activists and was recently elected to become its first publicly known HIV-positive MP.

117 candles


The world's oldest living person celebrates her 117th birthday - thanks, she says, to an odd diet.

From Oxy to pot


An ex-pharmaceutical executive explains why he now banks on Canada's medical marijuana industry.

Seeing the light


A young newsreader suffering from cancer has taken the unusual step - for Japan - of blogging about her illness. If she dies, she says, she doesn't want pity.

Changing paths


Um-Yehia, a nurse and mother of four living in Aleppo, talks to the BBC's 100 Women season about life in a war zone.

Up or down?


Dementia is now the leading cause of death in England and Wales, but the proportion of people with dementia is falling. How is this explained?

Key unanswered questions


What we still don't know about the Zika virus and microcephaly.

What you need to know


An alarming and disturbing infection linked to thousands of babies being born with underdeveloped brains is spreading.

'The worst day of my life'


The threat of the Zika virus has now become international, but the alarm was raised in Brazil last year when a growing number of cases of microcephaly began to emerge.

The mosquito menace


Why the mosquito that spreads the Zika virus is flourishing in the urban environment.

Elton John says HIV 'end in sight' in West


Sir Elton John says, with improved testing, the end of HIV "is in sight" in Western countries.

'It is time to make' three-person babies


It is time to start making babies from three people, scientists advising the fertility regulator say.

UK has 'first sexually transmitted Zika'


The first likely case of sexual transmission of Zika virus in the UK is reported by the authorities.

Kansas sperm donor to same-sex couple not liable for child support


A man who donated sperm to two women is not liable for child support, a US court rules.

HIV vaccine: Clinical trial begins in South Africa


Large clinical trial for a vaccine to protect against HIV transmission is underway in South Africa.

Philip Morris could stop making conventional cigarettes


Philip Morris is launching a new cigarette in the UK which it says could see it stop selling conventional cigarettes altogether.

Ambulances 'too slow to reach 999 calls'


Ambulance services are struggling to reach the seriously ill quickly enough after rising demand has left the system over-stretched, a BBC investigation has found.

Thousands 'miss out on stroke treatment'


Thousands of patients miss out on a treatment that can prevent disability after a stroke, say UK experts.

Sleep deprivation 'costs UK £40bn a year'


Sleep-deprived workers are costing the UK economy £40bn a year and face a higher risk of death, says a new study.

Former US banker Steve Mnuchin confirms he will be US treasury secretary


Former Goldman Sachs executive Steve Mnuchin confirms he will be the new US treasury secretary.

'No solid evidence' for IVF add-on success


BBC Panorama research suggests there is no hard evidence IVF add-ons increase pregnancy chances.

Ebola nurse banned for hiding Pauline Cafferkey's high temperature


A nurse who hid Ebola survivor Pauline Cafferkey's high temperature is suspended for two months.

Healthy women should take breast cancer pill, says NICE


Hundreds of thousands of healthy women should take pills to cut their risk of breast cancer, says NHS watchdog.

Low social status 'can damage immune system'


Being bottom of the social heap alters the immune system and can damage health, study concludes.

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